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Pneumonia causes death of one child in every 39 seconds: UNICEF Report

UNICEF said in the report that the disease is curable now and it is possible to prevent it, even though globally one child is killed every 39 seconds.

Nov 17, 2019 10:59 IST
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The United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF) recently released a report on pneumonia. It was found in the report that more than 8 lakh children died due to pneumonia in the world in 2018. India was second after African country Nigeria in the death of children below five years of age from this disease. It killed 1,27,000 children in India last year.

UNICEF said in the report that the disease is curable now and it is possible to prevent it, even though globally one child is killed every 39 seconds. Most of the children who died due to pneumonia were under two years of age.

Major Highlights

• As per the UNICEF Report, 1,53,000 children died in the first month of birth. Nigeria has the highest number of deaths of 1,62,000 children due to this disease
• India ranks second, with 1,27,000 deaths last year. Pakistan is in third place, where 58,000 children lost their lives.
• The fourth and fifth places are followed by two more African countries - Congo and Ethiopia. 40,000 children died in Congo and 32,000 in Ethiopia.
• Pneumonia is the cause of 15 per cent of the total cases of deaths among children under five years of age.
• Despite this, only three per cent of the expenditure on global infectious disease research is spent on this disease.
• There is also a strong correlation between death and poverty due to pneumonia. No access to drinking water, lack of adequate health care and lack of nutrition and indoor air pollution increase the risk of the disease.

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Global Forum on Childhood Pneumonia

UNICEF has said in the report, it is almost forgotten that pneumonia is an epidemic. UNICEF and other health and child organizations appealed for global action to bring awareness towards this disease. In January next year, there will be a brainstorm on the 'Global Forum on Childhood Pneumonia' in Spain, which will include leaders from all over the world.

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