The Government of India on 16 November 2013 decided to confer, the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award on eminent scientist Prof CNR Rao and cricket player Sachin Tendulkar.
Sachin Tendulkar is the first sports person to win the Bharat Ratna Award.
The Bharat Ratna award so far, given only to eminent personalities from the field of dance, music, art, literature and the social sector. In the year 2011, the Government of India modified the eligibility criteria for Bharat Ratna Award - to enable eminent Sports-persons to receive the Nation’s highest civilian award.
About Prof. CNR Rao
Prof. Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao (CNR Rao) was born on 30 June 1934, Bangalore, India. He is an eminent scientist and a well recognized international authority on solid state and materials chemistry.
He has published over 1400 research papers and 45 books. Prof. CNR Rao's contributions have been recognized by most major scientific academies around the world through conferment of memberships and fellowships. He has been honoured with several national and international awards, including Padma Vibhushan.
Prof. CNR Rao is Honorary President of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.
Prof, CNR Rao is presently serving as the head of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India.The Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister is the uppermost body that deliberates on various policy issues, pertaining to Science & Technology and also on the role it can play in the upliftment of the Indian economy.
About Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar is an Indian Batsman who is considered one of the greatest batsmen of the cricket world.
Sachin Tendulkar who belongs to Mumbai Maharashtra made his appearance in six world cups for India and was the member of the 2011 World Cup winning squad of the nation.
Sachin Tendulkar made his Test debut against arch-rival Pakistan at Karachi in 1989. He made his ODI debut against Pakistan in 1989 in Gujranwala. He currently holds the record for most hundreds in both Tests and One Day Internationals.
In 198 Test matches, Sachin Tendulkar scored over Fifteen Thousand Eight hundred runs at an average of 53.86. He slammed 51 Test centuries and an unbeaten 248 against Bangladesh in Dhaka in 2004 was his best ever.
He made 49 hundreds in the one-day format, including a double hundred which is the first in this form of cricket and 96 half centuries.
In 2012, Sachin Tendulkar became the first player to score 100 international centuries.
Sachin Tendulkar announced his retirement from Test cricket after playing his landmark 200th Test match against the West Indies on 15 November 2013. Earlier, Sachin Tendulkar announced retirement form one day cricket on 23 December 2012 and from Twenty20 cricket format on 26 May 2013.
About Bharat Ratna award
LIST OF RECIPIENTS OF BHARAT RATNA
|1.||Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972)||1954|
|2.||Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan (1888-1975)
|3.||Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888-1970)||1954|
|4.||Dr. Bhagwan Das (1869-1958)||1955|
|5.||Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya (1861-1962)||1955|
|6.||Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 -1964)||1955|
|7.||Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant (1887-1961)||1957|
|8.||Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve (1858-1962)||1958|
|9.||Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (1882-1962)||1961|
|10.||Shri Purushottam Das Tandon (1882-1962)||1961|
|11.||Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)||1962|
|12.||Dr. Zakir Hussain (1897-1969)||1963|
|13.||Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972)||1963|
|14.||Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous) (1904-1966)||1966|
|15.||Smt. Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)||1971|
|16.||Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1894-1980)||1975|
|17.||Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous) (1903-1975)||1976|
|18.||Mother Mary Taresa Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa) (1910-1997)||1980|
|19.||Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous) (1895-1982)||1983|
|20.||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890-1988)||1987|
|21.||Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous) (1917-1987)||1988|
|22.||Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous) (1891-1956)||1990|
|23.||Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (b-1918)||1990|
|24.||Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous) (1944-1991)||1991|
|25.||Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous) (1875-1950)||1991|
|26.||Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai (1896-1995)||1991|
|27.||Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous) (1888-1958)||1992|
|28.||Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (1904-1993)||1992|
|29.||Shri Satyajit Ray (1922-1992)||1992|
|30.||Shri Gulzarilal Nanda (1898-1998)||1997|
|31.||Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous) (1909-1996)||1997|
|32.||Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (b-1931)
|33.||Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi (1916-2005)||1998|
|34.||Shri Chidambaram Subramniam (1910-2000)||1998|
|35.||Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous) (1902-1979)||1999|
|36.||Professor Amartya Sen (b-1933)||1999|
|37.||Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous) (1890-1950)||1999|
|38.||Pandit Ravi Shankar (b-1920)||1999|
|39.||Sushri Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar (b-1929)||2001|
|40.||Ustad Bismillah Khan (1916-2006)||2001|
|41.||Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (1922-2011)||2009|
|42.||Prof. CNR Rao ( b-1934)
|43.||Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (b-1973)||2013|
Who: Government of India
Where: New Delhi
What: Bharat Ratna Award
When: 16 November 2013