The proposal for merger of National Wetlands Conservation Programme and National Lake Conservation Plan into a new scheme named National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 7 February 2013. An allocation of 900 crore rupees under the 12th plan period have been made to bring into operation the merger of the two schemes.
National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems (NPCA)
National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems` (NPCA) is formed by the merger of two separate Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) and they are National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP) and National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP). The merger was planned to avoid overlap and promote better synergies for enhancing the management and conservation works of the integrated scheme. Its objective is to conserve the aquatic ecosystems that include wetlands and lakes by implementing sustainable conservation plans and govern it as per the guidelines and policies drafted with uniformity.
Principle Objectives of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems Scheme
• Holistic conservation and restoration of lakes and wetlands to achieve desired water quality enhancement, along with improvement in biodiversity and the ecosystem, by implementation of an integrated and multidisciplinary approach with a common regulatory framework
• Reduction of pollution loads and improvement in goods and services provided by these water bodies to stakeholders
• To conserve and manage the lakes and wetlands of the country within its scope,
• To include inventory and information system on lakes and wetlands at national level directive on criteria for lakes and wetlands, regulatory framework, capacity building at state government and local body levels, evaluation and more
Cost Sharing Process for implementation of National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems
A budget of 900 crore rupees is allocated in the 12th Five year plan to being into effect the operations of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems.
• The cost sharing between the Central Government and respective State will be in a ratio of 70:30
• In case of North-Eastern states the cost sharing between the Central Government and respective State is 90:10
National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP)
The National Wetland Conservation Program (NWCP) came into operations by the orders of the Government of India in the year 1985/86 in close collaboration with the State Governments. The program was initiated to conserve and undertake management initiatives for the 115 wetlands identified by now by the Ministry.
Aim of the Program
The scheme aimed at using the wetlands wisely and conserves them across the country and to prevent them from further degradation.
Objectives of the Program
• Laying the policy guidelines to conserve and manage wetlands across the country
• For undertaking, intensive conservation methods on priority wetlands
• The Program aimed towards preparation of an inventory of the Indian wetlands and to monitor implementation of the program
National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP)
The Plan was initiated by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests in 2001 for restoring and conserving the semi-urban and urban lakes across the country with the use of integrated ecosystem approach, which were moving ahead towards its death due to the discharge of the urban waste water into the lakes and fresh water eco-system.
Objectives of NLCP
• The NLCP aims towards encouraging and assisting the Government of different states for sustainable management and conservation of lakes.
• To develop well planned sustainable and scientific efforts to prevent their degradation and ultimate death for the lakes that are the major source of fresh water accessible to living being