Rajasthan Government to develop corridor connecting three tiger reserves
A tiger corridor in Rajasthan will be developed connecting Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, Ramgarh Vishdhari, and Mukundra Tiger Reserve.
After the declaration of Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary as the fourth Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan, the state government has been planning on developing a tiger corridor connecting three Tiger Reserves passing through districts including Sawai Madhopur, Kota, and Bundi.
Rajasthan Government had earlier in April 2021 had sent the proposal to develop Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary for Tigers which will connect Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in the Northeast to the Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve on the Southern side of Rajasthan.
The approval to the proposal was given on July 5, 2021, and the announcement was made by the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.
Tiger Corridor in Rajasthan:
According to the Principle Conservator of Forest and Chief Wildlife Warden, Mohan Lal Meena, with the new sanctuary coming up, a corridor including the three Tiger Reserves can be developed in Rajasthan.
Meena further added that a tiger corridor will be developed connecting Ranthambore, Ramgarh Vishdhari, and Mukundra Tiger Reserve. It will be a functional corridor that will help in dealing with the issue of overpopulation of tigers which Ranthambore reserve is facing currently.
Fourth Tiger Reserve: Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary
The Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar announced on July 5, 2021, that the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change has sanctioned Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary as the fourth tiger sanctuary in Rajasthan.
The Environment Minister shared the news of sanctioning one more Tiger Sanctuary on Twitter and mentioned that the increasing number of Tigers and other apex predators certify our robust diversity.
Happy to sanction one more tiger Sanctuary, Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary which will link Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in the Northeast & Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve on the southern side. Increasing numbers of Tigers and other apex predators certify our robust biodiversity. pic.twitter.com/Z89PlhzmTp— Prakash Javadekar (@PrakashJavdekar) July 5, 2021
Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary: Key details
• The Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan, which is spread across 1,071 sq km, will be the fourth Tiger Reserve in the state.
• According to the Tiger Census of 2018, the three other reserves of Rajasthan are home to 102 big cats.
• A proposal of converting the Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary into a Tiger Reserve was recently given a green signal by the Technical Committee of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). Tigers from Ranthambore Reserve can only be translocated to the new Sanctuary after the NTCA’s approval.
• An official notification from the Government is also expected to be issued soon.
Tiger Reserves in Rajasthan:
• Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in Sawai Madhopur
• Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar
• Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve in Kota
• Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve in Bundi
Linking two Tiger Reserves: Why is it significant?
The Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve will be connecting Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in the Northeast to the Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve on the Southern side of Rajasthan.
Linking one Tiger Reserve to another is significant for protecting the Tigers. The upgraded status of Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary is expected to strengthen the tiger conservation efforts, as it will act as a buffer for the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.
According to the experts, overcrowding of the tigers was observed in Ranthambore Reserve. Over 300 sq km of area in Ranthambore Tiger Reserve will be left as critical habitat for animals and the remaining area will serve as a buffer zone.
Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary: A breeding place for tigers
Reportedly, Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary is a breeding place for tigers. According to the 1985 census, 9 tigers were spotted there and around 3 tigers reportedly stayed into the Ranthambore to Ramgarh since 2013.
According to an official, the tigers migrated to Ramgarh naturally but the focus must be on improving the existing tiger habitat and the corridors for their easy disbursal.
In order to strengthen the prey base, the government has already approved the shifting of Chital (spotted deer) from the Ghana Bird Sanctuary to Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve, Ramgarh Vishdhari, and Keoladeo National Park.
About Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary:
A part of Bundi district, in 1982, was declared Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary. The core areas of the sanctuary have 8 villages and the region is home to a large number of wild animals, including Chitals, sambhars, caracals, wild boards, nilgai, Chinkara, and striped hyena.
Earlier in 2020, the Rajasthan Government had announced the plan of upgrading the sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve for providing an additional habitat to the tigers of Ranthambore Reserve and improving the ecosystem.