Republic Day 2021: India celebrates 72nd Republic Day- Rafale showstopper, first-ever Ram Mandir, Ladakh tableau

The tableau of Uttar Pradesh was designed on the theme 'Ayodhya: Cultural Heritage of Uttar Pradesh' and it showcased Ayodhya and Ram mandir for the first-ever time.

Republic Day 2021
Republic Day 2021

Republic Day 2021: India celebrated its 72nd Republic Day on January 26, 2021. The main parade was organised at Rajpath in New Delhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended his greetings to the people on the occasion. 

The Republic Day Parade ceremony commenced with Prime Minister Modi's visit to the National War Memorial where he paid tribute to the martyred soldiers by laying a wreath.

The Prime Minister wore a special 'Paghdi' from Jamnagar on the occasion of the Republic Day. The first such 'Paghdi' was gifted to the PM by the royal family of Jamnagar, Gujarat.

This year's Republic Day ceremony was different from past events due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The parade was held while following all necessary COVID-19 preventive protocols.

The parade route was shortened this time due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Though it began from the usual starting point at Vijay Chowk, it culminated at the National Stadium instead of the Red Fort. 

The security was also tightened across the national capital due to the farmers' tractor rally protest against the three farm laws. 

Key Highlights 

India's military might, cultural diversity, social and economic progress was on display during the 72nd Republic Day celebrations at the majestic Rajpath in the national capital.

Besides tableaus of the Armed forces, 17 tableaus from different states and nine tableaus from different government ministries and departments and Paramilitary Forces and six from the Defence Ministry were also be on display during the annual parade.

As per tradition, the National Flag was unfurled followed by the National Anthem with a 21-gun salute. The parade commenced with President Ram Nath Kovind taking the salute.

After the unfurling of National Flag, the winners of the highest gallantry awards such as Param Vir Chakra & the Ashok Chakra paraded down Rajpath. 

Colonel Santosh Babu, the Commanding Officer of 16 Bihar, who martyred during action at Galwan valley clash along with 19 others, was decorated with a posthumous Maha Vir Chakra.

The Indian Army was represented by a Mounted Column of 61 Cavalry, six marching contingents, seven mechanised columns and fly-past by Rudra and Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopters of the Army Aviation. 

Indian Navy's tableau had the theme -‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ and it displayed murals depicting Pakistan Army surrendering and Navy’s principal combatant in 1971 Indo-Pak war, INS Vikrant conducting flying operations with Sea Hawk and Alize aircrafts.

The Indian Air Force (IAF) showcased Mi-17 V5, Chinook and Apache helicopters and its Tableau was titled Indian Air Force: Touch the Sky with Glory, which displayed scaled down models of Light Combat Aircraft, Light Combat Helicopter, Su-30 MK-I aircraft and Rohini radar.

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)'s contingent comprised two important tableaux at the Republic Day Parade this year, showcasing the major achievements of the year including Anti Tank Guided Missiles and Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Navy take-off and landing on board aircraft carrier.

The 122-member contingent of the Bangladesh Armed Forces also took part in India's Republic Day Parade. The contingent comprised soldiers of the Bangladesh Army, sailors of the Bangladesh Navy and Air Warriors of the Bangladesh Air Force.

Among other tableaux, the tableau of the Department of Biotechnology with the theme of 'Aatma-Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan: COVID' depicted the process of COVID-19 Vaccine development through various processes. 

The display of cultural tableaux had begun at the parade with Ladakh leading. Ladakh's tableau showcasing culture and communal harmony, festivals, art & architecture, music customs and languages was the first-ever tableau of the UT in the parade.

The tableau of Uttar Pradesh was designed on the theme 'Ayodhya: Cultural Heritage of Uttar Pradesh' and it showcased Ayodhya and Ram mandir for the first-ever time. The forepart of the middle tableau showed Deepotsava of Ayodhya, in which millions of earthen lamps are lit. 

The Gujarat tableau displayed a replica of the Sun Temple at Modhera.

The Punjab tableau showcased the glory of 9th Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur. The tableau was designed with the theme '400th Birth Anniversary of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur'. 

Fly past Formations:

1. Rudra Formation: The formation comprised one Dakota aircraft flanked by 2 Mi-17 IV helicopters.

2. Eklavya formation: The formation comprised one Rafale with 2 Jaguar Deep penetration strike aircraft and 2 MiG-29 Air Superiority Fighters. 

3. Trinetra formation: The formation comprises  three Su-30MKIs splitting outwards and upwards, forming a trishul in the sky. 

4: Vertical Charlie: The Parade culminated with a single Rafale aircraft flying at a speed of 900km/hr carrying out a ‘Vertical Charlie’. 

Republic Day: Background

The Republic Day is celebrated on January 26 every year to commemorate the official coming into force of the Indian constitution. The Indian Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950, officially declaring India as an independent Republic. 

January 26th was chosen because it was on this day in 1930 when the Indian National Congress had made the call for Purna Swaraj, complete independence of the Indian union from the British colonial rule. 

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