Scientists at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) on 2 June 2014 cloned female buffalo calf, Lalima. Lalima was produced through indigenously developed Hand-guided Cloning Technique.
Lalima weighs 42-kg and is a female calf. It is the seventh buffalo clone produced by NDRI.
Scientists used the institute's indigenously developed hand-guided cloning technique where somatic cells from an ear of a Murrah buffalo were taken to produce a clone. Murrah is high milk yielding mature buffalo.
The team of the scientists involved in the production of this cloned calf, are Dr. S.K. Singla, Dr. M.S. Chauhan, Dr. R.S. Manik, Dr. P. Palta, Dr. Shiv Parsad and Dr. Basanti Jyotsana.
In the Lalima case, she was produced after standard gestation period, born through normal parturition without any assistance and had normal birth weight.
Importance of the Hand-guided cloning technique
This new achievement of producing cloned calf from adult lactating animals by Hand-guided Cloning technique will facilitate faster multiplication of elite germplasm and help to face the challenges of increasing demands of milk due to growing human population.
The world’s largest population of buffaloes is in India and they contribute about 55 per cent of the total milk production in the country
Practically there are two windows in which cloning technique will be very useful to dairy sector for faster multiplication of superior germplasm i.e. (i) through males by producing clone of progeny tested bulls and (ii) through females by producing clone of high yielding lactating females.
Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually. Cloning is the process which is used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organisms.
Dolly, a Finn-Dorset ewe, was the first mammal successfully cloned from an adult cell. She was cloned at the Roslin Institute in Scotland and lived there from her birth in 1996 until her death in 2003 when she was six.
When: 2 June 2014