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SIPRI released its Annual Nuclear Forces data

Jun 18, 2014 14:20 IST

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) on 16 June 2014 released its annual nuclear forces data. The data assessed the current trends and developments in world nuclear arsenals.

 The data revealed that while the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world continues to decline, none of the nuclear weapon-possessing states are prepared to give up their nuclear arsenals for the foreseeable future.

Main highlights:

  • There are nine states namely the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea around the globe which possessed nuclear arsenals.
  • At the start of 2014 all the nine countries possessed approximately 4000 operational nuclear weapons.
  • While all nuclear warheads are counted, all these states together possessed a total of approximately 16300 nuclear weapons in 2014 compared to 17270 in early 2013.
  • India and Pakistan continue to develop new systems capable of delivering nuclear weapons and are expanding their capacities to produce fissile material for military purposes.
  • Over the past five years there has been a steady decline in the overall number of nuclear warheads in the world.
  • The decrease is due mainly to Russia and the USA. Russia and USA together still account for more than 93 per cent of all nuclear weapons. They are further reducing their inventories of strategic nuclear weapons under the terms of the Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START).
  • At the same time, all five legally recognized nuclear weapon states namely China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA are either deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced programmes to do so.
  • There is an emerging consensus in the expert community that North Korea has produced a small number of nuclear weapons, as distinct from rudimentary nuclear explosive devices.

World nuclear forces, 2010–14

 

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

USA

9600

8500

8000

7700

7300

Russia

12 000

11 000

10 000

8500

8000

UK

225

225

225

225

225

France

300

300

300

300

300

China

240

240

240

250

250

India

60–80

80–100

80–100

90–110

90–110

Pakistan

70–90

90–110

90–110

100–120

100–120

Israel

80

80

80

80

80

Total

22 600

20 530

19 000

17 270

16 300

About SIPRI

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute in Sweden. It was established in 1966.

The institute is dedicated to conduct research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open source, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.

 

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