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State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015 report released

May 28, 2015 15:46 IST

The annual UN hunger report  titled State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015 was on 27 May 2015 released by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP).

As per the report, the number of hungry people in the world has dropped to 795 million. Today, 795 million people are undernourished globally, which is 216 million less than the number of hungry people in 1990–92. The decline is more pronounced in developing regions, despite population growth.

Highlights of the report

• In the developing regions, the prevalence of undernourishment, which measures the proportion of people who are unable to consume enough food for an active and healthy life, has declined to 12.9 percent of the population.
• 72 out of 129 countries monitored by FAO have achieved the Millennium Development Goal target of halving the prevalence of undernourishment by 2015, with developing regions as a whole missing the target by a small margin.
• 29 countries have met the more ambitious goal of halving the absolute number of undernourished people by 201, laid out at the World Food Summit in 1996.
• Over the past 30 years, crises have evolved from catastrophic, short-term, acute and highly visible events to protracted situations, due to a combination of factors, especially natural disasters and conflicts, with climate change, financial and price crises frequently among the exacerbating factors.
• Hunger rates in countries enduring protracted crises are more than three times higher than elsewhere. In 2012, some 366 million people were living in this kind situation, out of whom 129 million were undernourished.
• Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence of undernourishment in the world with 23.2 percent, or almost one in every four people. However, some African nations also achieved their MDG hunger target, notably in West Africa.
• The proportion of hungry people in Latin America and the Caribbean has dropped from 14.7 percent to 5.5 percent since 1990.
• In southern Asia, the prevalence of undernourishment has declined modestly, to 15.7 percent from 23.9 percent, but much greater progress was made in reducing underweight among young children.
• In West Asia, where hygiene conditions are generally advanced and child underweight rates low, the incidence of hunger has risen due to war, civil strife and consequent large migrant and refugee populations in some countries.

State of Food Insecurity in India

The evolution of hunger trends in India has a significant influence on results for the region. Higher world food prices were observed since the late 2000s which have not been entirely transmitted into domestic prices.

During the period 1984–2013, India was prone to sudden increases in imports (defined as imports exceeding the average of the previous three years by more than 30 percent), registering more than a hundred surges.

In India, 194.6 million people are still undernourished. India still has the second-highest estimated number of undernourished people in the world.

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