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Things to know about VVPAT: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The voters cast their vote by pressing the ballot button opposite the symbol of the candidate of your choice on the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) linked to the VVPAT unit.

 

May 22, 2019 15:34 IST

The Indian General Elections 2019 concluded on May 19, 2019 to elect people’s representatives in 542 Parliamentary constituencies for the 17th Lok Sabha. The voters casted their votes on the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) linked to the VVPAT unit. Here are some frequently asked questions about VVPAT:

1. What is VVPAT and What does it stand for?

Answer: VVPAT stands for “Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail”. The VVPAT is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballot less voting system. It is a printer-like apparatus linked to the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) that generates a slip showing serial number, name and symbol of the candidate and verifies the intended vote.

2. How does VVPAT work?


Answer:
The voting in India is done through Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) attached to the VVPAT unit. Once a voter casts his or her vote on the EVM, VVPAT apparatus linked to the EVM generates a slip showing serial number, name and symbol of the candidate to whom the vote was made.

3. What VVPAT apparatus consists of?


Answer: A VVPAT consists of a Printer and a VVPAT Status Display Unit (VSDU).

4. The VVPAT slip is displayed for how much time before falling in the drop box?

Answer: This VVPAT slip is displayed for 7 seconds before it's automatically cut and fall in sealed drop box of the VVPAT.

5. The VVPAT runs on which source?


Answer. The VVPAT runs on a power pack Battery; it does not require electricity.

6. When and where were the VVPATs first used in India?


Answer: The VVPAT were first deployed in the bye-election for the Noksen Assembly seat in Tuensang district of Nagaland in September 2013.

7. Is counting of VVPAT slips compulsory on the counting day?


Answer: As per the recent ruling of the Supreme Court in April 2019, it is mandatory for the Election Commission to carry out physical counting of VVPAT slips in 5 random Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) in each parliamentary constituency in Lok Sabha Elections 2019. The Supreme Court’s direction came on a petition filed by 21 opposition parties, demanding cross verification of the VVPAT slips in at least 50 percent randomly chosen polling stations in each Assembly Constituency.

8. How much time it takes to count votes using one VVPAT unit?


Answer: Generally, counting of votes using one VVPAT takes around an hour.

9. Which Lok Sabha Election saw the use of VVPAT units across all constituencies for the first time?

Answer:
The VVPAT units were used across all constituencies in India in the Lok Sabha Elections 2019. In 2014 Lok Sabha Elections, VVPATs were used in just 8 constituencies.

10. Which companies provided the VVPAT units for use in General Elections 2019?

Answer: Bharat Electronics Ltd of Bangalore and Electronics Corporation of India of Hyderabad provided the VVPAT units for the 2019 elections.