The Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) was held in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan from 14 March to 18 March 2015.
The conference was hosted by the Government of Japan in cooperation with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), as secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
The conference reviewed the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005 – 15) and adopted a Post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction.
The third conference on disaster risk reduction was held vide United Nations (UN) resolution passed in December 2013 to hold the Third UN WCDRR at Sendai in Japan.
India was represented at the conference by the Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh.
The objectives of the conference were
• To complete assessment and review of the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action;
• To consider the experience gained through the regional and national strategies/institutions and plans for disaster risk reduction and their recommendations as well as relevant regional agreements within the implementation of the Hyogo Framework of Action;
• To adopt a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction;
• To identify modalities of cooperation based on commitments to implement a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction;
• To determine modalities to periodically review the implementation of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction.
World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction is a series of United Nations conferences on preparing for, responding to and mitigating the risk of natural disasters.
The first World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction took place in 1994 that resulted into the adoption of Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World.
The second world conference was held in Kobe, Japan from 18 January 2015 to 22 January 2015. The second conference adopted the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015.
Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015
The Hyogo Framework for Action was an outcome of the 2005 conference held in Kobe, Japan. The HFA suggests five specific priorities for action. These were
• Making disaster risk reduction a priority
• Improving risk information and early warning
• Building a culture of safety and resilience
• Reducing the risks in key sectors
• Strengthening preparedness for response