Top 5 Current Affairs: 23 July 2019

Donald Trump’s Kashmir mediation claim has turned into a huge controversy, as it violates the 1972 Shimla Agreement.

Top 5 Current Affairs: 23 July 2019
Top 5 Current Affairs: 23 July 2019

What is Shimla agreement and how is it relevant to Trump’s Kashmir mediation claim?

The Shimla agreement was signed by the then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistan President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on July 2, 1972, after the 1971 India-Pakistan war, which liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. Under the agreement, both India and Pakistan had resolved to solve their differences by peaceful means, through bilateral means or other means mutually agreed upon by them.

India rejected Trump's claims that PM Modi asked for US mediation in Kashmir dispute

Donald Trump on Kashmir: US President Donald Trump claimed recently that PM Modi had asked for US mediation in Kashmir dispute. India has sharply rejected Trump’s controversial claim stating that India has always maintained that Kashmir is a bilateral issue. India also, according to reports, lodged a protest regarding the claim with the US State Department.

Chandra Shekhar Azad 113th Birth Anniversary: Must know facts about ‘Azad’

India observed the 113th birth anniversary of Chandra Shekhar Azad on July 23, 2019. His life is a source of inspiration in country as he got involved in freedom struggle at a very young age. Chandra Shekhar Azad is popularly known as ‘Azad’. Chandra Shekhar Azad became extremely popular after Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925 and assassination of policeman John Saunders in year 1928.

Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill 2019 passed in Parliament

Parliament passed the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill 2019 after the Rajya Sabha approved it unanimously on July 22, 2019. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha earlier on July 19 through a voice vote. It aims to accelerate the process of appointment of chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

National Medical Commission Bill: Know what is NEXT, Bridge Course and NMC Structure

Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan introduced the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill in Lok Sabha on July 22, 2019. Once the National Medical Commission Bill is enacted the Indian Medical Council Act will be repealed. The bill has a provision for making uniform national standards in medical education. The Bill proposes final year MBBS exam as an entrance test for Post Graduation (PG) courses in the same field.

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