Top 5 Current Affairs: 28 March 2019
The three pioneers of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton, and Yann LeCun were on March 27, 2019 awarded with the 2018 ACM A.M. Turing Award “for conceptual and engineering breakthroughs that have made deep neural networks a critical component of computing”.
Artificial Intelligence-pioneers win Turing Award 2018
The three pioneers of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton, and Yann LeCun were on March 27, 2019 awarded with the 2018 ACM A.M. Turing Award “for conceptual and engineering breakthroughs that have made deep neural networks a critical component of computing”. All the three winners will share the USD 1 million prize money.
Named as the “Fathers of the Deep Learning Revolution” by the Association for Computing Machinery, all the three winners belong to big names in the industry. Hinton is VP and Engineering Fellow of Google; LeCun is VP and Chief AI Scientist at Facebook and Bengio is Scientific Director at Mila and has inked deals with IBM and Microsoft.
IEA’s Global Energy & CO2 status report
International Energy Agency (IEA) recently released Global Energy and CO2 Status Report that highlights worldwide trends and developments of fuels, renewable sources, energy efficiency and carbon emissions.
Report highlights global energy consumption in 2018 increased at nearly twice the average rate of growth since 2010, driven by a robust global economy and higher heating and cooling needs in some parts of the world. Demand for all fuels increased, led by natural gas, even as solar and wind posted double digit growth. Energy efficiency saw lacklustre improvement. As a result of higher energy consumption, CO2 emissions rose 1.7% last year and hit a new record.
US resolution to ban JeM Chief Masood Azhar
The United States on March 27, 2019 circulated a draft resolution at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to blacklist Chief of Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), Masood Azhar. Azhar is linked to terrorism for "participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities carried out by JeM”.
The resolution states that Azhar will be added to the UN Al-Qaeda and Islamic State Sanctions blacklist. It would lead to global travel ban, an assets freeze and an arms ban for Azhar. The draft resolution condemns the Pulwama terror attack.
Cabinet approves creation of additional posts in National Company Law Appellate Tribunal
The Cabinet has approved creation of additional posts of three Judicial Members and three Technical Members in the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT).
The posts will be created in Level 17 (Rs 2,25,000/- fixed) plus allowances as admissible. The total financial implication will be Rs 2,27,82,096 per annum. This will ensure to meet the mandate provided to NCLAT by the Finance Act, 2017, the Companies Act, the IBC, 2016 and the time frame provided for disposal of cases.
Cabinet approves MoU between India and Indonesia on illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Indonesia on March 27, 2019. This MoU subjects combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and its precursors. India has signed similar Conventions/MoUs/Agreements with the 37 countries.
The MoU will help in mutual cooperation in regulation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and in combating drug trafficking. It will come into force on the date of signing and will remain in effect for a period of five years.