19 July 2018: The Current Affairs Quizzes section of Jagranjosh aims to help every competitive exam aspirant to revise the day at ease. The day’s updated quizzes cover topics such as new Jewish nation-state law, Nelson Mandela International Day and special remission to prisoners among others.
1. Which country has passed a divisive Jewish nation-state law?
2. The Centre has sanctioned Rs 300 cr for effective solid waste management in which city?
b) New Delhi
3. Which state has given priority to deploy transgender security guards in its shelter homes?
4. When was Nelson Mandela International Day observed?
a) 16 July
b) 18 July
c) 19 July
d) 15 July
5. The Union Cabinet has approved a proposal to grant special remission to prisoners on the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of which Indian activist?
a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Subhas Chandra Bose
c) Mother Teresa
d) Bhagat Singh
6. India’s first greenfield skill training centre is going to come up in which state?
d) Uttar Pradesh
7. Researchers from which IIT branch have created mini-organs that mimic hair growth?
a) IIT Kanpur
b) IIT Madras
c) IIT Delhi
d) IIT Kharagpur
8. The Supreme Court has observed that women have the fundamental right to enter which among the following temples?
a) Tirupati Balaji
b) Venkateswara Temple
d) Guruvayur Temple
9. The Union Cabinet has approved MoU between India and which country for cooperation in the pharmaceutical sector?
d) Sri Lanka
10. The Union Cabinet has approved MoU between India and which nation on cooperation in traditional systems of medicine?
Answers with Explanation
1. (c) Israel
Israel has passed a law declaring that only Jews have the right of self-determination in the country. The controversial bill defines the country as an exclusively Jewish state. It is being called racist and on the verge of being apartheid by the members of the Arab minority in the nation.
2. (b) New Delhi
The Centre has sanctioned financial assistance of 300 crore rupees to the Three Municipal Corporations of Delhi for effective solid waste management and dust control.
3. (d) Bihar
State-funded shelter homes for women and children in Bihar may get transgender security guards as the government has instructed the authorities to prefer them during recruitment. The instruction followed allegations of sexual exploitation of inmates in some of the state's shelter homes in the recent past.
4. (b) 18 July
The Nelson Mandela International Day was observed globally on July 18. The international day marks 100 years since the birth of Nelson Mandela (18 July 1918). The UN celebrates Nelson Mandela International Day across the world with the objective of awakening everyone to their ability and responsibility to change the world for the better.
5. (a) Mahatma Gandhi
The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to grant special remission to prisoners on the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Under the scheme, certain categories of prisoners including women, transgenders and physically disabled, will be set free on satisfying the given criteria.
6. (b) Odisha
India’s first greenfield skill training centre will come up at Baranga near Bhubaneswar in Odisha. The foundation stone of the same was laid down by the Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Dharmendra Pradhan on July 16. The state-of-the-art institute will impart training to the trainers and create a skill-based ecosystem to meet the expectations of the industry.
7. (c) IIT Delhi
Researchers from IIT Delhi have developed a silk-based hydrogel that emulates the process of hair growth, an advance that may help screen novel drugs for treating hair loss without using animal tests. The hydrogel is developed by combining a mixture of silk proteins, isolated from silkworm cocoons, and gelatin.
8. (c) Sabarimala
The Supreme Court has observed that banning the entry of women in Kerala’s Sabarimala temple by the temple authorities is unconstitutional and questioned the authorities regarding the same. The bench stated that when a man can enter, a woman can also go.
9. (c) Indonesia
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), India and National Agency for Drug and Food Control (BPOM), Indonesia on cooperation in the field of pharmaceutical products, pharmaceutical substances, biological product and cosmetics regulatory functions.
10. (d) Cuba
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its ex-post facto approval for the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Cuba on cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy. The MoU was signed on June 22, 2018.
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