Typhoon Matmo struck east of Taiwan on 22 July 2014. Matmo, with a wind gust of 173 kilometres per hour, was the first tropical storm of 2014 to make landfall on Taiwan.
Due to strong winds and heavy downpour brought by Matmo, roofs were tore off and trees were uprooted. This resulted into interruption of rail and air service and closure of financial centres. Besides, the Matmo also left nine people injured.
Typhoon Matmo slightly weakened before entering the Taiwan Strait and headed towards China's southeastern Fujian province. Yet the residents of Taiwan have been asked by authorities to take precautions because despite moving away from the island, the typhoon was forecasted to spark more rains in the mountainous areas of the southeast.
In 2013, Typhoon Soulik had struck Taiwan which brought torrential rains and powerful winds and left people dead and at least 100 injured.
In 2009 Typhoon Morakot hit Taiwan which left more than 600 dead. The Morakot was the worst storm to hit Taiwan in half a century.
The English word typhoon originates from the Japanese word taifū. Typhoon is the regional name in the northwest Pacific for a severe tropical cyclone, whereas hurricane is the regional term in the northeast Pacific and northern Atlantic.
Intensity classifications by Japan's Meteorological Agency:
Tropical depression: Wind speeds not exceeding 33 knots or 61 km per hour
Tropical storm: Wind speeds exceeding 34 knots or 63 km per hour
Severe tropical storm: wind speeds of 48 knots or 89 km per hour
Typhoon: Wind speeds of 64 knots or 119 km per hour
From 2009 the Hong Kong Observatory started to further divide typhoons into three different classifications:
Typhoon: Wind speeds between 64-79 knots or 118-149 km per hour
Severe typhoon: Wind speeds of 80 knots or 150 km per hour
Super typhoon: Wind speeds of at least 100 knots or 190 km per hour
If measured on Saffir-Simpson scale used by National Hurricane Center and Central Pacific Hurricane Center of US, then a typhoon has a speed of 130 knots or 241 km per hour and is equivalent of a strong Category 4 storm.
If you have any Question/Point on the above information, please ask/discuss it in the Current Affairs Group