Typhoon Melor on 14 December 2015 struck the Philippines. The typhoon was ranked as a Category 3 storm by the US military’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center which is located at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii.
The storm is expected to trigger flooding, landslides and 4 meter storm surges in the coastal region.
As a precaution, authorities evacuated about 750000 people in three provinces of the Central Philippines to protect people from torrential rain and high winds.
As per an estimate of the University of Wisconsin-Madison the wind speeds have reached 220 km/h speed when it hit the coast.
The typhoon is known locally as Typhoon Nona. The Philippines experiences approximately 20 typhoons annually.
Categorisation of Storms
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale categorizes storms based on their sustained wind speed and estimates property damage.
• Category 1: 74 to 95 mph, they can lead to some damage
• Category 2: 96 to 110 mph, they can cause extensive damage.
• Category 3: 111 to 129 mph, they can lead huge damage
• Category 4: 130 to 156 mph, they can cause catastrophic damage
• Category 5: 157 mph and higher, they can cause catastrophic damage
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