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Typhoon Melor struck the Philippines

The typhoon was ranked as a Category 3 storm by the US military’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center which is located at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii.

Dec 14, 2015 17:19 IST
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Typhoon Melor on 14 December 2015 struck the Philippines. The typhoon was ranked as a Category 3 storm by the US military’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center which is located at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii.

The storm is expected to trigger flooding, landslides and 4 meter storm surges in the coastal region.

As a precaution, authorities evacuated about 750000 people in three provinces of the Central Philippines to protect people from torrential rain and high winds.

As per an estimate of the University of Wisconsin-Madison the wind speeds have reached 220 km/h speed when it hit the coast.

The typhoon is known locally as Typhoon Nona. The Philippines experiences approximately 20 typhoons annually.

Categorisation of Storms

The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale categorizes storms based on their sustained wind speed and estimates property damage.

Category 1: 74 to 95 mph, they can lead to some damage
Category 2: 96 to 110 mph, they can cause extensive damage.
Category 3: 111 to 129 mph, they can lead huge damage
Category 4: 130 to 156 mph, they can cause catastrophic damage
Category 5: 157 mph and higher, they can cause catastrophic damage

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