Ukraine and pro-Russian rebels agreed on a ceasefire agreement in Minsk, Belarus on 5 September 2014. The deal is also known as Minsk agreement. The agreement was brokered by Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The agreement will end almost five months of fighting between Ukraine and pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine.
The ceasefire was based on a 12-point peace plan that included the release of hostages and terms of the deal were not immediately known. But both the sides indicated that a humanitarian corridor will be created for refugees and aid, a prisoner exchange will take place, and rebuilding work will begin in conflict areas.
Pro-Russian rebels confirmed that the ceasefire had not changed their policy of advocating splitting from Ukraine. The ceasefire will lasts long and political dialogue will be continue to find peace and stability.
12-point peace plan also includes a decentralisation of powers, had been agreed to bring peace and stability to the mostly Russian-speaking eastern Ukrainian regions of Donetsk and Lugansk with a concrete timetable for implementation.
Since Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine in February 2014, there was conflict going between Pro- Russian Rebel in Eastern Ukraine and Ukraine. Rebels want to separate from Ukraine which is in east part of the country of Ukraine consists of Russian speaking people.
The key southeastern port of about 500000 lies on the Sea of Azov, between Russia to the east and the Crimean Peninsula to the west, which Russia annexed in March. Now rebels had partially surrounded the area which is important to Ukraine if it lose the area then a huge chunk of its coast and access to the hydrocarbon resources the Sea of Azov will be lost.
NATO leaders and European Union leaders voiced deep caution in NATO Summit 2014 held in Wales on 5 September 2014 and also voiced about talk of a ceasefire. NATO leaders and Ukraine believes that rebels are armed by the Russia.
When: 5 September 2014