The UN General Assembly on 27 March 2014 passed the non-binding resolution that refuses recognition of annexation of Crimean peninsula by Russia from Ukraine. This resolution was supported by 110 countries, opposed by 11 and abstained by 58 (including India) in the 193-nation assembly.
Russia has described this resolution as counterproductive and the Russian Foreign Ministry has termed the resolution as an effort to complicate the internal political crisis of Ukraine.
Apart from this in another incident, the US President Barack Obama has urged Russia to stop intimidating Ukraine and reduce number of troops on its border area. This action of US President came following the Russian action, in which it had massed a forced of thousands of troops (around 30000 troops) close to the eastern frontier of Ukraine.
Earlier, Russia claimed that the troops are there for military exercises. But earlier, similar steps were practiced by the yesteryear, Russian leaders during the Cold War.
The accession of Crimea in the Russian Federation was signed between Russia and Crimea on 18 March 2014 in Kremlin in Moscow. This was done following the referendum voted by the residents of Crimea (maximum of which are ethnic Russian) to break away from Ukraine and join Russia on 7 March 2014. This referendum was termed as illegal by Ukraine and the Western powers.
The non-binding document is also known as soft law and is composed of declarations, recommendations and resolutions Declarations and Recommendations. These are provided, as a rule and impose moral obligations on States.
Resolutions are a formal expression of opinion by a legislative body or a public meeting and are generally made by the United Nations General Assembly or the General Conference of UNESCO. These are therefore termed as an expression of opinion of the Member States of these Organisations.
In international law - and in human rights law - there are different standard-setting instruments and are broadly divided into two categories and includes
• Binding instruments, commonly known as hard law (composed of Treaties, confers legal obligations to States Parties to these instruments)
• Non-binding documents, also known as soft law
Who: UN General Assembly
When: 27 March 2014