The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) on 12 January 2016 released the dataset titled Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2015 Revision. The compilation was released at the UN DESA headquarters in New York, the USA.
The dataset analysed trends in migration flows across the world, even country as well as region wise, between 2000 and 2015.
As per it, the number of international migrants, persons living in a country other than where they were born, reached 244 million in 2015 for the world as a whole, a 41 per cent increase compared to 2000.
And, India has the largest diaspora in the world in 2015 as 16 million people from India were living outside of their country.
Key findings of the dataset
• Most international migrants are of working age. In 2015, 177 million of them or 72 percent were between ages 20 and 64.
• Out of the 244 international migrants, there are 20 million refugees across the world.
• The number of international migrants has grown faster than the world’s population. As a result, the share of migrants in the global population reached 3.3 per cent in 2015, up from 2.8 per cent in 2000.
• There are, however, considerable differences between large regions of the world.
• In Europe, Northern America and Oceania, international migrants account for at least 10 per cent of the total population.
• By contrast, in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, fewer than 2 per cent of the populations are international migrants.
• In 2015, two out of three international migrants lived in Europe or Asia. Nearly half of all international migrants worldwide were born in Asia.
• Among major regions of the world, Northern America hosts the third largest number of international migrants, followed by Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Oceania.
• Between 2000 and 2015, Asia added more international migrants than any other major region, or a total of 26 million additional migrants.
• In 2015, most international migrants living in Africa, or 87 per cent of the total, originated from another country of the same region.
• In 2015, two thirds of all international migrants were living in only 20 countries, starting with the USA, which hosted 19per cent of all migrants, followed by Germany, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates.
About the Population Division of the UN DESA
• It estimates the global number of international migrants at regular intervals, monitors levels, trends and policies related to international migration.
• It collects and analyses information on the relationship between international migration and development.
• At regular intervals, it releases the dataset on international migration that represents the most recent information available on numbers of international migrants for all countries or areas of the world.
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When: 12 January 2016