The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute of Physics (UIS) on 2 March 2016 released the eAtlas of Gender Inequality in Education.
The eAtlas shows gender gaps from primary to tertiary education and educational pathways of girls and boys in more than 200 countries and territories.
Highlights of eAtlas of Gender Inequality in Education
• If the current trend continues, almost 16 million girls between the ages 6 and 11 will never get the chance to learn to read or write in primary school compared to about 8 million boys.
• Gender disparities remain highest in the Arab States, sub-Saharan Africa and South and West Asia. Across sub-Saharan Africa, 9.5 million girls will never set foot in a classroom compared to 5 million boys.
• The gender gap is even wider in South and West Asia, where 80 per cent of out of schoolgirls will never enter formal education compared to 16 per cent of out-of-school boys.
• One out of eight children between the ages of 6 and 15 are denied a basic education, and girls are the first to be excluded. More than 63 million girls are out of school and data suggest that the number is rising.
• The greatest progress in reducing the gender gap in School life expectancy (SLE) has been made in South and West Asia, where a girl starting school can expect to receive 11 years of education, compared to only 6 years in 1990.
• On average, girls are less likely to enroll in primary school than boys. The situation has improved, however, with girls now representing 52 percent of primary school-age children out of school, compared to 58 percent in 2000.
• In total, 15 million girls or 4 percent of girls enrolled in primary education repeated a grade in 2013, compared to 18 million boys (5 percent). At the same time, 16 million girls dropped out of primary school compared to 19 million boys.
• Globally, about 10 percent of all girls roughly between the ages of 6 and 11 are denied the right to education, compared to 8 percent of all boys.
• Women outnumber men at the level of the Bachelor's degree with men accounting for about 47 percent of graduates and women accounting for 53 percent.
• Women are also more likely to pursue a Master's degree representing 54 percent of graduates.
• However, men account for 55 percent of graduates from PhD programmes and 72 percent of all researchers.
• Globally, about 757 million adults and 115 million youths cannot read or write a simple sentence. Two-thirds of them are women and there has been virtually no progress in reducing this figure, even though the global illiterate population has been shrinking.
The eAtlas with respect to India
• Out of school children of primary school age (both sexes): 19.1 million
• Out of school children of primary school age (only female): 13.4 million
• Cumulative drop-out rate to the last grade of primary education (female): 41.3 percent
• Cumulative drop-out rate to the last grade of primary education (male): 40.8 percent
• Percentage of teachers in tertiary education who are female: 37 percent
• School life expectancy, tertiary (male): 0.6 years
• School life expectancy, tertiary (female): 0.4 years
• Gross Enrolment Ratio, tertiary (female): 7.5 percent
• Gross Enrolment Ratio, tertiary (male): 11.4 percent
• Elderly literacy rate, population 65+ years (female): 12.5 percent
• Elderly literacy rate, population 65+ years (male): 41.2 percent
• Youth literacy rate, population 15-24 years (male): 73.5 percent
• Youth literacy rate, population 15-24 years (female): 49.3 percent
• Adult literacy rate, population 15+ years (male): 61.6 percent
• Adult literacy rate, population 15+ years (female): 33.7 percent
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What: Released by UNESCO
When: 2 March 2016