Union Government released the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 for Rural India

The survey was completed in all the 640 districts. It provides very useful data on households regarding various aspects of their socio-economic status– housing, land-holding, educational status, status of women.

Created On: Jul 4, 2015 18:01 IST

Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Union Minister of Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Chaudhary Birendra Singh on 3 July 2015 released the provisional data from the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 for Rural India.

The survey was completed in all the 640 districts. It provides very useful data on households regarding various aspects of their socio-economic status– housing, land-holding, educational status, status of women, the differently able, occupation, possession of assets, SC/ST households, incomes, etc.

The data addresses the multi dimensionality of poverty and provides a unique opportunity for a convergent, evidence based planning with a Gram Panchayat as a unit. The data is an opportunity to make evidence based selection, prioritization and targeting of beneficiaries in different programmes.

Key Findings from Rural India

1.

Total Households in the Country           (Rural plus Urban)

24.39 Crore

2.

Total Rural Households

17.91 Crore

3.

Total Excluded Households

7.05 Crore

4.

Automatically included Households

16.50 lakh

5.

Households considered for deprivation

10.69 Crore

6.

Households not reporting deprivation

2.00 crore

7.

Households with any one of the 7 deprivation

8.69 Crore

Deprivation Data

D1.

Households with only one room, kuccha walls and kuccha roof

2.37 Crore

D2.

No adult member in household between age 18 and 59

65.15  lakh

D3.

Female headed household with no adult male member between 16 and 59

68.96 Lakh

D4.

Households with differently able member with no other able bodied adult member

7.16 lakh

D5.

SC/ST Households

3.86 Crore

D6.

Households with no literate adult above age 25 years

4.21 Crore

D7

Landless households deriving a major part of their income from manual labour

5.37 Crore

Sources of Household income

1.

Total Rural Households

17.91Crore

2.

Cultivation

5.39 Crore

3.

Manual Casual labour

9.16 Crore

4.

Part time or full time domestic service

44.84 lakh

5.

Rag picking, etc.

4.08 lakh

6.

Non Agricultural own account enterprise

28.87 lakh

7.

Begging/charity/alms

6.68 lakh

8.

Others ( including government service, private service, PSU employment, etc.

2.50 Crore

Background
SECC 2011 is a unique paperless Census. The enumeration of the data was done using over 6.4 lakh electronic handheld device. Household data was taken from the National Population Register along with the Temporary Identification Number (TIN).

The districts and State Governments have carried out the SECC with the Union Ministry of Rural Development as the nodal Ministry. Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation carried out the survey in urban areas and the Registrar General, Census of India carried out the caste census.

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