Union Government released the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 for Rural India

Jul 4, 2015 18:01 IST

Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Union Minister of Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Chaudhary Birendra Singh on 3 July 2015 released the provisional data from the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 for Rural India.

The survey was completed in all the 640 districts. It provides very useful data on households regarding various aspects of their socio-economic status– housing, land-holding, educational status, status of women, the differently able, occupation, possession of assets, SC/ST households, incomes, etc.

The data addresses the multi dimensionality of poverty and provides a unique opportunity for a convergent, evidence based planning with a Gram Panchayat as a unit. The data is an opportunity to make evidence based selection, prioritization and targeting of beneficiaries in different programmes.

Key Findings from Rural India


Total Households in the Country           (Rural plus Urban)

24.39 Crore


Total Rural Households

17.91 Crore


Total Excluded Households

7.05 Crore


Automatically included Households

16.50 lakh


Households considered for deprivation

10.69 Crore


Households not reporting deprivation

2.00 crore


Households with any one of the 7 deprivation

8.69 Crore

Deprivation Data


Households with only one room, kuccha walls and kuccha roof

2.37 Crore


No adult member in household between age 18 and 59

65.15  lakh


Female headed household with no adult male member between 16 and 59

68.96 Lakh


Households with differently able member with no other able bodied adult member

7.16 lakh


SC/ST Households

3.86 Crore


Households with no literate adult above age 25 years

4.21 Crore


Landless households deriving a major part of their income from manual labour

5.37 Crore

Sources of Household income


Total Rural Households




5.39 Crore


Manual Casual labour

9.16 Crore


Part time or full time domestic service

44.84 lakh


Rag picking, etc.

4.08 lakh


Non Agricultural own account enterprise

28.87 lakh



6.68 lakh


Others ( including government service, private service, PSU employment, etc.

2.50 Crore

SECC 2011 is a unique paperless Census. The enumeration of the data was done using over 6.4 lakh electronic handheld device. Household data was taken from the National Population Register along with the Temporary Identification Number (TIN).

The districts and State Governments have carried out the SECC with the Union Ministry of Rural Development as the nodal Ministry. Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation carried out the survey in urban areas and the Registrar General, Census of India carried out the caste census.

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