Union Home Ministry on 17 October 2014 drafted a new counter-Naxal doctrine. In the drafted law, the ministry clearly demarcated the role of the state police and central paramilitary forces (CPMFs) in anti-Maoist operations.
The ministry proposed to put state police forces in the lead, while tasking CPMFs with using their pan-Indian mandate for seamless operations across state borders and holding the counter-insurgency grid together.
The new policy will be circulated to all the states for their comments soon. It will seek to fight the Maoists through a four-pronged approach, comprising elements like security-related measures, development-based approach, rights and entitlement-based measures and public perception management.
The approach of the new law will be to focus on security interventions in worst LWE-affected areas. In moderately-affected areas, it will witness security and development initiatives going hand in hand; while in less affected areas, development interventions will take precedence.
Highlights of the drafted Law
• The policy proposed oversight committee at the national and state level. The national panel will comprise home minister, finance minister, tribal affairs minister, environment minister, rural development minister, panchayati raj minister and road & transport minister, besides chief ministers of all Naxal-hit states, and will meet bi-annually.
• There will be an inter-ministerial group, a coordination committee to oversee operational strategies comprising Central and state level officers, as well as a state-level committee for coordinated response by various state agencies.
• Also, the new law insisted on a periodic review of the counter-Naxal strategies.
• The new counter-LWE doctrine pitches for making CRPF a world-class counter-insurgency force, with a sustained upgrade in its training, infrastructure, arms and financial powers.
• It seeks to encourage police/CPMFs to recruit local tribal youth by holding more rallies and working around the DoPT rules to identify ways to push up their representation in the forces.
• There is emphasis also on honouring tribal icons by renaming projects and key local buildings after them.
Peace talks with Naxalites
As regards possible peace talks with Naxalites, the draft policy makes it clear that any offer of talks will be taken up only after the Maoists renounce violence as a means of capturing state power and express faith in the democratic process.
Who: Union Home Ministry
When: 17 October 2014