Uttar Pradesh (UP) Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on 25 May 2017 launched a massive immunisation drive in 38 districts of the state to eradicate Japanese Encephalitis (JE).
This anti-encephalitis drive was launched from Kushinagar district.
Highlights of the anti-encephalitis drive
• This government has fixed the target of immunisation of above 88 lakh 55 thousand children in the age group of 1 to 15 years during the drive in the targeted districts.
• The government has also involved all the voluntary and social organisations in these JE prone districts.
• CM Yogi also launched a toll free number to get or provide any information about encephalitis. The number is 18001805544.
• The drive will be continued till 11 June 2017.
Condition of Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in UP
Almost whole of eastern Uttar Pradesh is in the grip of Japanese Encephalitis with major JE prone districts like Gorakhpur, Deoria, Gonda, Basti, Sidharthnagar, Sankabrinagar, Kushinagar, Maharajganj, Balrampur, Ghazipur and Azamgarh, these districts have been declared as Encephalitis-affected districts.
The area is endemic for Japanese Encephalitis but in the past six years, children have been dying of other forms of viral encephalitis, the exact cause of which is unclear. It is considered that one possibility of their death is Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), a water-borne virus present in contaminated water.
The Acute Encephalitis Syndrome causes headache and vomiting and can lead to coma, brain dysfunction, seizure and inflammation of the heart and kidney. The disease is predictable and preventable.
The annual monsoon fills parched paddy fields, which bear the mosquitoes that spread Japanese Encephalitis from pigs to humans, devastating malnourished children with low immunity. While, AES spreads through contaminated water.
The disease has so far killed more than 10000 children in UP, Bihar and other parts of the country which was identified way back in 1978-79.
In 2006, a vaccination drive against JE and AES was launched, but that had failed to give desired result. Though vaccines are available for Japanese Encephalitis, but there is no vaccine for checking Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES). Only better hygiene is the way to prevent the disease.
When: 25 May 2017