Lawmakers of US on 12 July 2013 proposed a Bill in the US Congress for establishing a national park on the Moon. The new Bill seeks creation of the Apollo Lunar Landing Sites as National Historical Park on the Moon. The bill has been named as the Apollo Lunar Landing Legacy Act, the Bill (House Resolution 2617) and was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology in addition to the House Committee on Natural Resources.
The Bill seeks protection of artifacts that was left on the moon's surface during the Apollo missions from 1969 to 1972. Once the bill is passed and turns up to be an Act, it will ensure that the scientific data and cultural significance of the Apollo artifacts are not harmed during the future moon landings of different countries as well as tourism activity of people to moon by commercial enterprises (Golden Spike Company has proposed to take space tourists on a trip to moon by 2020).
The Bill was introduced in the US Congress by Donna Edwards, a Maryland Congresswoman and Eddie Bernice Johnson, Texas Congresswoman.
As per the Bill, Apollo Lunar Landing Sites has been defined as the areas of the moon, where instruments and astronauts touched the lunar surface during the Apollo Programme. It also has highlighted the artifacts on Moon’s surface that is associated with Apollo 13 mission, that crash landed on the lunar surface on 14 April 1970.
About Apollo Lunar Mission Progarmme
The Apollo programme was designed to land humans on the Moon and bring them safely back to Earth. Six of the missions (Apollo’s 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17) achieved this goal. Apollos 7 and 9 were Earth orbiting missions to test the Command and Lunar Modules, and did not return lunar data. Apollos 8 and 10 tested various components while orbiting the Moon, and returned photography of the lunar surface. Apollo 13 did not land on the Moon due to a malfunction, but also returned photographs. The six missions that landed on the Moon returned a wealth of scientific data and almost 400 kilograms of lunar samples. Experiments included lunar ranging, soil mechanics, seismic, meteoroids, magnetic fields, heat flow and solar wind experiments.
Where: US Congress
When: 12 july 2013