US President Barack Obama on 2 June 2014 announced new rules to cut carbon pollution from existing Power plants by 30% till 2030.
The announcement involved to cut carbon dioxide emission 30 percent from 2005 level. The new rule was announced by The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It also announced to cut by 2030 particle pollution, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur dioxide by more than 25 per cent as a co-benefit.
The new rules could transform the power sector. Currently, US Government relied on coal for nearly 38 percent of electricity.
Moreover, new rules provide multiple options for states to achieve their emission targets. States could improve power plant heat rates, can use more natural gas plants to replace coal plants, ramped up zero-carbon energy, such as solar or nuclear; and increasing energy efficiency.
The target set by the US government could be achieved as the emissions had already fallen by about 10 percent by 2013 from the 2005 baseline level, partly due to retirement of coal plants in favor of cleaner-burning natural gas.
New target to curb pollution has significant effects on health of citizens of USA. As EPA estimates that reducing exposure to particle pollution and ozone could prevent up to 150000 asthma attacks in children and as many as 3300 heart attacks by 2030.
Carbon Emission Policy will also benefit India
The new ambitious carbon emission standards announced by the Obama administration can usher in a great India-US cooperation on low-carbon growth strategies.
The new low carbon growth strategies will build new standards for the other developing countries.
When: 2 June 2014