The War Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh constituted for conducting trials against those, who committed atrocities during the Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 on 21 January 2013 pronounced its first verdict and ordered death sentence against Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the Jamaat-e-Islami leader.
Maulana Azad also known as Bachchu Razakar then was a leader of the Islami Chhatra Sangha, a student wing of the Jamaat-e-Islami. On 3 April 2012, an arrest warrant was issued against him by the War Crimes Tribunal. He have been accused on eight different charges done during the 1971 Liberation War that left 12 people dead (among these maximum were minority Hindus) and rape of several Hindu women that happened during the civil wars.
These trials were initiated as a part of the electoral commitment of the Awami League that is led by Sheikh Hasina, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. The first war tribunal was set-up by the Government of Bangladesh on 25 March 2009 and to speed up the trials a second tribunal was constituted after three years.
The verdict of hanging Maulana Azad was passed by Justice Obaidul Hassan the Chairman of the three-member panel of the International Crimes Tribunal-2. A 112 page verdict was presented in support of the verdict for the sentence pronounced.
International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh (ICTB)
The International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh also referred as the War Crimes Tribunal was established by the officials of Bangladesh for carrying on the investigations and to prosecute the crimes which were committed during the Bangladesh Liberation War. Following the reports of the official estimates available more than three million people were killed and 200000 were raped during this civil war due to the involvement of the local militia and Pakistani Soldiers.
Bangladesh Liberation War 1971
Bangladesh, the then East Pakistan entered into an armed conflict against the West Pakistan on 26 March 1971, the war that lasted for about nine months.
Background of the War
On 7 December 1970 the Awami League under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman won 160 seats out of the 162 in East Pakistan and became the leader of the majority party of the Pakistan National Assembly. Awami League was refused from forming the Government by the military rules of Pakistan. On behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman , Major General Ziaur Rahman, declared independence of the state and started a full-scale non-cooperation to the Military Government on 26 March 1971, this day is observed as the independence day every year. Following this declaration, Bangladesh got itself indulged into a civil war that ended on 16 December 1971 after India intervened into it on 3 December 1971.