World Day against Trafficking in Persons observed globally

Jul 31, 2018 18:02 IST
World Day against Trafficking in Persons observed globally

30 July: World Day against Trafficking in Persons

The World Day against Trafficking in Persons was observed across the world on July 30, 2018.

2018 Theme: ‘Responding to the trafficking of children and young people’

This year’s campaign aims to highlight the fact that almost one-third of trafficking victims are children. The theme not only draws attention to the issues faced by trafficked children but also to the possible action initiatives linked to safeguarding and ensuring justice for the child victims.

Human Trafficking: The Global Issue

Human Trafficking is a crime that exploits women, children and men across the world for numerous purposes including forced labour and sex.

According to the estimates of the International Labour Organisation, around 21 million people are victims of forced labour globally.

This estimate also includes victims of human trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation.

Human trafficking affects every country in the world, whether as a country of origin, transit, or destination for victims.

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, children make up almost a third of all human trafficking victims worldwide.

Additionally, women and girls comprise 71 per cent of human trafficking victims.

Global Plan of Action

In 2010, the UN General Assembly adopted the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons, urging the governments across the world to take coordinated and consistent measures to defeat Human trafficking.

The action plan called for integrating the fight against human trafficking into the UN’s broader programmes in order to boost development and strengthen security worldwide.

One of the crucial provisions in the Plan was the establishment of a UN Voluntary Trust Fund for victims of trafficking, especially women and children.

The Trust Fund facilitates effective, on-the-ground assistance and protection to victims of trafficking, through grants to specialised NGOs.

In the coming years, the trust fund aims to prioritise victims coming from a context of armed conflict and those identified among large refugee and migration flows.

It will also focus its assistance to victims trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation, organ removal, forced begging, forced criminality and other emerging exploitative purposes such as skin removal and online pornography.

Background

The day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly through a resolution in 2013.

The resolution declared that such a day was necessary to raise awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and for the promotion and protection of their rights.

In September 2015, the world adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and embraced goals and targets on trafficking in persons.

These goals call for an end to trafficking and violence against children, as well as the need for measures against human trafficking and they strive for the elimination of all forms of violence against and exploitation of women and girls.

 

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