World Malaria Day (WMD) was observed on 25 April 2014 across the world. The day was observed to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control.
The theme for 2013-2015 is: Invest in the future. Defeat malaria.
On the Occasion, World Health Organisation (WHO) launched a manual to help countries to assess the technical, operational and financial feasibility of moving towards malaria elimination.
The new guide, From malaria control to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario planning, will provide countries with a framework to assess different scenarios and timelines for moving towards elimination, depending on programme coverage and funding availability.
There has been a 42 percent reduction in malaria mortality rates globally, and a 49 percent decline in the WHO African Region since 2000.
About World Malaria Day
World Malaria Day was instituted by WHO Member States during the World Health Assembly of 2007. The day was celebrated on 25 April every year.
According to WHO, the top five countries most affected by malaria are Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone. India is expected to decrease malaria case incidence by 50 to 75 per cent by 2015.
Malaria is an infectious disease that is caused by mosquito-borne plasmodium parasite which infects the red blood cells. It is a curable and preventable. There is no vaccine for malaria yet and immunity occurs naturally through repeated infection. Common symptoms are fever, chills, vomiting, nausea, body ache, headache, cough and diarrhea.
Who: World Malaria Day
Where: across the world
What: observed by WHO
When: 25 April 2014