28 September: World Maritime Day
The World Maritime Day was celebrated across the world on 28 September 2017 with the theme ‘Connecting Ships, Ports and People’.
The idea behind introducing the theme is to provide an opportunity to focus on the many diverse actors involved in the shipping and logistics areas.
Aim & Objective
• Its main objective is to build on the World Maritime Day theme for 2016, ‘Shipping: indispensable to the world’.
• It aims to do so by focussing on helping International Maritime Organization (IMO) member states to develop and implement maritime strategies to invest in a joined-up, interagency approach.
• The joined approach would address a whole range of issues, including the facilitation of maritime transport, increasing efficiency, navigational safety, protection of the marine environment and maritime security.
The day also gives various UN entities the chance to contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are a broad response to the challenges facing the world today.
Besides, more efficient shipping and working in partnership with a port sector supported by governments will be a major driver towards global stability and sustainable development for the good of all people.
• International shipping transports more than 80 per cent of global trade to peoples and communities all over the world.
• Shipping is the most efficient and cost-effective method of international transportation for most goods.
• It provides a dependable, cheap means of transporting goods globally, facilitating commerce and helping to create prosperity among nations and peoples.
• The world relies on a safe, secure and efficient international shipping industry, which is an essential component of any programme for future sustainable green economic growth in a sustainable manner.
• The promotion of sustainable shipping and sustainable maritime development is one of the major priorities of IMO in the coming years.
• In 1948, an international conference in Geneva adopted a convention formally establishing IMO.
• The body was originally named Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) but the name was changed in 1982 to IMO.
• The body has been recognized as the best way of improving safety at sea by developing international regulations that are followed by all shipping nations.
Main objectives of IMO
- To provide machinery for cooperation among governments in the field of governmental regulation and practices relating to technical matters of all kinds affecting shipping engaged in international trade.
- To encourage and facilitate the general adoption of the highest practicable standards in matters concerning maritime safety, efficiency of navigation and prevention and control of marine pollution from ships.
- To deal with administrative and legal matters related to these purposes
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