World Turtle Day: 23 May
World Turtle Day 2014 was observed across the world on 23 May 2014. The day is observed to bring human attention towards turtle and tortoise and also to encourage human efforts to help them survive.
American Tortoise Rescue (ATR) started observing the World Turtle Day in 1990 and since then the world is observing the day, annually.
About American Tortoise Rescue (ATR)
To protect the species of tortoise and turtle a nonprofit organisation named American Tortoise Rescue (ATR) was established in 1990. The day was created as an observance to help people to protect turtles and tortoise and their disappearing habitats around the world. The organisation suggests some steps to be taken by young and adults to protect turtles and tortoise and some of them are
• On should never buy a turtle or tortoise from a pet shop as it increases demand from the wild
• Until and unless, the turtle or tortoise is not sick or injured, they should not be removed from the wild
Turtles are considered to be the oldest living species (approx 200 million years old) in the world and these ancient creatures evolved before the mammals, birds, snakes or lizards. As per biologists, turtles managed to outlive many other species because their shells, which provide protection to them.
These are available in almost every continent apart from Antarctica.
• Bog turtle with measurement of about four inches in length are the smallest turtle
• Leathery Turtle that weighs up to 1500 pounds are the largest among turtles
List of some critically endangered turtles and their scientific names
• Hawksbill Turtle - Eretmochelys imbricata
• Leatherback Turtle - Dermochelys coriacea
Endangered turtles and scientific names
• Green Turtle - Chelonia mydas
• Loggerhead Turtle - Caretta caretta
Vulnerable turtles and scientific names
• Olive Ridley Turtle - Lepidochelys olivacea
• Giant Tortoise
Who: World Turtle Day
What: observed by the World
When: on 23 May 2014