The World Wetlands Day was observed on 2 February 2016 across the globe to mark the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in the city of Ramsar in Iran in 1971.
The theme of World Wetlands Day this year is Wetlands for our Future – Sustainable Livelihoods. It highlights the value of wetlands in securing local livelihoods through activities as fishing, rice farming, tourism, and water provision.
The day is observed on the same day every year to promote, create awareness and ensure positive and affirmative action for conservation of wetlands.
This year the World Wetlands Day is being celebrated by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in collaboration with the West Bengal Government at Sunderbans.
Sunderbans are one of the largest single blocks of estuarine mangrove forests in the world which provides habitat to numerous plant and animal species including the Royal Bengal Tiger.
What are Wetlands?
• Water is life and wetlands are the life support systems that ensure functioning of the water cycle. Wetlands help recharge groundwater aquifers, cleanse polluted waters, protect shorelines and act as sponges to mitigate floods.
• The extensive food chain and biological diversity in wetlands make them biological supermarkets. These are valuable as sources, sink and transformers of a multitude of biological, chemical and genetic material.
• These lands have special attributes as cultural heritage of humanity and have deep connections with our beliefs and practices. They are indeed an important part of our natural wealth and liquid assets.
• Ever since civilizations began wetlands have played an important role in development of human society. The wise use principle of wetland management encapsulates the linkages between wetland functioning and livelihoods on sustainable basis guided by ecosystem approaches.
India’s actions to conserve Wetlands
• The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change will continue to accord high priority to conservation and wise use of wetlands in the country.
• The National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) provides the policy framework and support to State Governments for integrated management of wetlands.
• The Ministry has also initiated the process of revising the existing regulatory framework on wetlands to enable a greater role and ownership by State Governments in management of wetlands, particularly as water and land are State subjects.
• The State Wetland Authorities are envisaged to be entrusted the role of management and regulation of wetlands within their jurisdiction.
• In a strategic step towards increasing the capacity of wetland managers in integrated and holistic management, upgrading the existing Wetland Research and Training Centre of Chilika Development Authority at Barkul, Odisha into the National Capacity Development Centre for Wetlands is also being envisaged.
• The Ministry looks forward to working with State Governments, experts, NGOs, private sector and concerned citizens from all walks of life to secure these natural resource endowments.
Who: World Wetlands Day
Where: Across the Globe
When: 2 February 2016