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Climate, Soil & Vegetation

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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What is Organic Farming? Know its significance, uses and benefits here

Dec 10, 2020
Lakshadweep group of islands have been declared as an organic agricultural area under the Participatory Guarantee System, PGS of India. Know what is organic farming, the states that are dependent on it and what is participatory guarantee system. Sikkim became India’s first 100 per cent organic state in 2016.

What are the factors responsible for the formation of Soil?

Nov 20, 2020
Soil is one of the most important components for the sustainability of an ecosystem. But do you how the soil is formed? Check this article to know the major factors responsible for the formation of the soil.

The Jet Stream Theory

Feb 6, 2019
Monsoon is driven by the atmospheric circulation phenomenon which produced by unequal and differential heating of continental and oceanic areas. Jet Stream play an important role in the possible formation, streering or intensifying weather phenomena such as monsoons, cyclones, anti-cyclones and other weather conditions. In this article, we are giving the concept given in the Jet Stream theory and affects of jet stream on the Indian Monsoon which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Classification and Properties of the major soil in India

Apr 13, 2018
The soil is formed when rocks are broken down by the action of wind, water and climate. The characteristic features of a soil depend upon the rocks from which it has been formed and the kind of plants that grow in it. In this article, we are giving the classification of the soil, composition of the soil, formation of the soil, distribution of the soil in India and what types of crops grown in the particular soils which is very useful for the UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Do you know the difference between Peninsular River regime and the Himalayan River regime

Feb 13, 2018
The climatic condition of any place or region controlled the flow of the river system. The River Regime is the pattern of the seasonal flow of water in any river. Here, we are giving brief note which will be helpful for understanding the differences between Peninsular River regime and the Himalayan River regime.

How does the Tibet Plateau influence the monsoon system of the Indian Subcontinent?

Feb 8, 2018
The monsoon system of the Indian subcontinent has appeared as truly massive interruptions and reversal of the normal global atmospheric circulation, which make it different from the rest of the world. Here, we are giving a brief note on ‘How does the Tibet Plateau influence the monsoon system of the Indian Subcontinent’, which is very useful for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC and State Services.

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Dec 14, 2017
Indian subcontinent is not only well known for its Cultural diversity, but also have a diverse range of flora and fauna. Human activities are permitted in a wildlife sanctuary whereas these are completely restricted in a national park. Hunting is prohibited without permission in a sanctuary; however, grazing and movement of cattle is permitted. Therefore, India houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that help in preserving the wildlife in its natural form. Hunting and grazing are totally prohibited in a national park.

What are the differences between El Nino and La Nina?

Dec 4, 2017
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.

How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?

Nov 29, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific and the most powerful phenomenon of the Earth. Here, we are giving the write-up on the ‘How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?’ for general awareness.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

Distribution of Rainfall

Nov 23, 2015
The average rainfall in India is 125 cm. The South-west monsoon constituted 75% of the total rainfall (June to September), 13% of it by north-east monsoon (October to December), 10% of it by pre monsoon cyclonic rainfall (mainly in April and May and 2% of it by western disturbances (December to February).  The western coast and North-Eastern India receive over about 400 cm of rainfall annually. However, it is less than 60 cm in western Rajasthan and adjoining parts of Gujarat, Haryana and Punjab.

How the pre-monsoon rain became the boon of India's markets and Farmers!

May 23, 2017
India is a land of diverse range of climatic condition ranging from tropical in south, temperate and alpine in the Himalayan region, whereas some part of north-western part remains dry (Thar Desert) and some parts like Sunderban Delta, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat are characterised by mangrove vegetation. Hence, it very difficult to generalised the India’s diverse geographic level, and its wide range of weather. Let's find out, how pre-monsoon brings blessings and happiness to the India's markets and Farmers.

Biosphere Reserves in India

Nov 23, 2015
Biosphere Reserves are representative parts of natural and cultural landscapes extending over large area of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination thereof and representative examples of bio-geographic zones/provinces.

The Thermal Theory of Monsoon

Oct 3, 2018
The thermal theory was propounded by the British scholars. Dudley Stamp and Baker have played an important role in it. According to this theory, temperature is the main reason of the origin of monsoons. In summer, the sun rays fall perpendicularly in the Northern Hemisphere. The Southern trade winds which generally blow between 300 and 50 South latitudes, cross the Equator because of the Northern move of the thermal equatorial line.

Forest Resources

Nov 23, 2015
Forests are among the most diverse and widespread ecosystems on earth, and have many functions: they provide timber and other forest products; have cultural values; deliver recreation benefits and ecosystem services, including regulation of soil, air and water; are reservoirs for biodiversity; and act as carbon sinks. The forest area differs from state to state in India. Madhya Pradesh stands at the top in the total forest area, followed by the Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, and Odisha. One-fourth of the total forest covered area of the country is in the north-eastern states.

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