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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Dec 14, 2010
Uzbekistan is situated in central Asia between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers, the Aral Sea, and the slopes of the Tien Shan Mountains. The republic also includes the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic, with its capital, Nukus.


Dec 14, 2010
Uruguay, on the east coast of South America south of Brazil and east of Argentina. The country consists of a low, rolling plain in the south and a low plateau in the north.

United States

Dec 14, 2010
Federal republic. The president is elected for a four-year term and may be reelected only once. The bicameral Congress consists of the 100-member Senate, elected to a six-year term with one-third of the seats becoming vacant every two years, and the 435-member House of Representatives, elected every two years.

United Kingdom

Dec 14, 2010
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a queen and a Parliament that has two houses: the House of Lords, with 574 life peers, 92 hereditary peers, and 26 bishops; and the House of Commons, which has 651 popularly elected members.

United Arab Emirates

Dec 14, 2010
Federation formed in 1971 by seven emirates known as the Trucial States—Abu Dhabi (the largest), Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, and Umm al-Qaiwain. In addition to a federal president and prime minister, each emirate has a separate ruler who oversees the local government.


Dec 14, 2010
Located in southeast Europe, the country consists largely of fertile black soil steppes. Mountainous areas include the Carpathians in the southwest and the Crimean chain in the south.


Dec 14, 2010
Uganda, is in East Africa. It is bordered on the west by Congo. The country, which lies across the equator, is divided into three main areas—swampy lowlands, a fertile plateau with wooded hills, and a desert region.


Dec 14, 2010
Tuvalu consists of nine small islands scattered over 500,000 sq mi of the western Pacific, just south of the equator. The islands include Niulakita, Nukulaelae, Funafuti, Nukufetau, Vaitupu, Nui, Niutao, Nanumaga (Nanumanga), and Nanumea.


Dec 14, 2010
Turkmenistan (formerly Turkmenia) is bounded by the Caspian Sea in the west, Kazakhstan in the north, Uzbekistan in the east, and Iran and Afghanistan in the south. About nine-tenths of Turkmenistan is desert, chiefly the Kara Kum.


Dec 14, 2010
Turkey is at the northeast end of the Mediterranean Sea in southeast Europe and southwest Asia. To the north is the Black Sea and to the west is the Aegean Sea.


Dec 14, 2010
Tunisia, at the northernmost bulge of Africa, thrusts out toward Sicily to mark the division between the eastern and western Mediterranean Sea. Coastal plains on the east rise to a north-south escarpment that slopes gently to the west.

Trinidad And Tobago

Dec 14, 2010
Trinidad, the larger at 4,828 sq km, is mainly flat and rolling, with mountains in the north that reach a height of 3,085 ft at Mount Aripo. Tobago, at just 300 sq km, is heavily forested with hardwood trees.


Dec 14, 2010
Situated east of the Fiji Islands in the South Pacific, Tonga (also called the Friendly Islands) consists of some 150 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. Most of the islands contain active volcanic craters; others are coral atolls.


Dec 14, 2010
Togo, is on the south coast of West Africa. The Gulf of Guinea coastline, only 32 mi long (51 km), is low and sandy. The only port is at Lomé. The Togo hills traverse the central section.


Dec 14, 2010
Thailand occupies the western half of the Indochinese peninsula and the northern two-thirds of the Malay Peninsula in southeast Asia.


Dec 14, 2010
Tanzania is in East Africa on the Indian Ocean. Tanzania contains three of Africa’s best known lakes—Victoria in the north, Tanganyika in the west, and Nyasa in the south.


Dec 14, 2010
Ninety-three percent of Tajikistan’s territory is mountainous, and the mountain glaciers are the source of its rivers. Tajikistan is an earthquake-prone area.


Dec 14, 2010
The Republic of China today consists of the island of Taiwan, an island 100 mi (161 km) off the Asian mainland in the Pacific; two off-shore islands, Kinmen (Quemoy) and Matsu; and the nearby islets of the Pescadores chain.


Dec 14, 2010
Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. Coastal Syria is a narrow plain, in back of which is a range of coastal mountains, and still farther inland a steppe area. In the east is the Syrian Desert and in the south is the Jebel Druze Range.


Dec 14, 2010
Switzerland, in central Europe, is the land of the Alps.Its tallest peak is the Dufourspitze at 4,634m on the Swiss side of the Italian border, one of 10 summits of the Monte Rosa massif.

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