General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Land Reforms in India after Independence: Purposes and Features

Nov 20, 2015
Land reforms programmes in India includes: Abolition of Intermediaries, Tenancy reforms, consolidation of holdings and determination of holdings per family and to distribute surplus land among landless peoples.

Jargons of Economics-II

Nov 20, 2015
Jargons are subject specific words in all the subjects. So is the case with Indian Economy because it helps the students in understanding the meaning of articles/publications/reports etc. (if any student is unable to understand these economics word).

Jargons of Economics-I

Nov 20, 2015
Jargons are subject specific special words or vocabulory used by some subject professionals. These jargons are difficult for common peoples/students etc. So We picked some of the most important words to enhance your knowledge of Economics.

Industrial Growth and Policy before Liberalisation

Nov 20, 2015
After independence the first industrial policy was declared on the April 6, 1948 by then union industry minister Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. This policy established a base for mixed and controlled economy in India.

Indian Service Sector: An Introduction

Nov 20, 2015
Service sector deals with the production of intangible goods like transportation, hotel & restaurants, real estate, arts, entertainment health & insurance services, education and telecom services etc. This sector contributes nearly 60 % of the Indian GDP.

High-Yielding Variety Seeds: Definition, Advantages and Role in Green Revolution of India

Nov 20, 2015
High Yielding Variety Seeds (HYV seeds) are seeds are of better quality than normal quality seeds. These seeds are a better option of seeds in order to obtain a healthy and surplus crop. These seeds have good immune system to fight with insects and other diseases.

Global Poverty Scenario

Nov 20, 2015
An international monetary threshold under which an individual is considered to be living in poverty is; if an individual’s earnings are less than one dollar/ day. It is calculated by taking the poverty threshold from each country.

Types of Index

Nov 20, 2015
There are different types of indices created by the United Nations to measure the economical, social and educational development of the peoples of the whole world. These indices include Gender Inequality Index, Human Development Index, Multidimensional Poverty Index and the Technology Achievement Index.

Targeted Public Distribution System in India: History, Features and Criticism

Nov 20, 2015
The Public Distribution System (PDS) evolved as a system of management of scarcity and for distribution of food grains at affordable prices to BPL families. Government of India re-launched the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) in June, 1997.

Sustainable Development: Background, Definition, Pillars and Objectives

Nov 6, 2015
Sustainable Development (SD) refers to that development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".

Problems of Agricultural Labour in India

Nov 6, 2015
As we are aware that near about 53% population of India is engaged in agricultural activities. Here, the condition of the farmers and agricultural labourers depend on the intensity of monsoon. Hence they are living an insecure and underprivileged life and earning just Rs. 150/day along with full uncertainty.

Policies for Agricultural and Rural Development: An Overview

Nov 6, 2015
To motivate the farmers for more food grain production, union government has launched policy of Minimum Support Price (MSP) since 1966-67. This policy ensures minimum price to farmers for each crop. On the other hand, Government launched the Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Public Distribution System (PDS) for rural poor.

Public Distribution System in India: Objectives, Flaws in the Food Security System

Nov 6, 2015
The public distribution system means the system of management of food economy and distribution of food grains at affordable price through Ration shops. This scheme provides staple food grains, such as wheat rice, sugar & kerosene to BPL families.

Importance of Agriculture in Indian Economy

Nov 6, 2015
As we know that India is an agricultural economy. Its 55% population is involved by agricultural activities and it contributes around 14% of the Indian GDP. Agriculture is the prime contributor in ensuring the food security to 1.26 billion population of the country.

Overview of Agricultural Labour

Nov 6, 2015
Agriculture labourer can be defined as the involvement of any person in connection with cultivating the soil, or in connection with raising or harvesting any agricultural or horticultural commodity, management of livestock, bees, poultry etc.

Operations of Commercial Banks

Nov 6, 2015
Commercial banks (at present 27) form a prominent part of the country’s Financial Institution System. Commercial Banks are those profit making institutions which accept deposits from general public and gives money (loan) to individuals like household, entrepreneurs, businessmen etc. The prime objective of these banks is to earn profit in the form of interest, commission etc. The operations of all these commercial banks are regulated by the Reserve Bank of India, which is the central bank and supreme financial authority in India.

Indian Agro-Production and Pesticides

Nov 6, 2015
Pesticide is defined as any substance or 'mixture of substances, intended for preventing, destroying or controlling any pest including vectors of human or animal diseases, unwanted species of plants and animals. Pesticides are classified according to their use and kinds of applications as insecticides, fungicides, herbicides and, other pesticides.

Causes and Effects of Degrading Natural Resources

Nov 6, 2015
Environmental degradation is the disintegration of the earth, deterioration of the environment through disproportionate consumption of natural assets, and continuous destruction of environment and eradication of wildlife.

Co-operative Credit in India: Meaning, Structure and Evaluation of Performance

Nov 6, 2015
A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, democratically controlled by its members. The Co-operative Credit Institutions in India can be classified as under a three-tier structure- Primary Credit Societies at the bottom; Central Co-operative Bank at the middle; and State Co-operative Bank at the top.

What is Agricultural Bio-diversity?

Nov 6, 2015
Biodiversity for food and agriculture includes the components of biological diversity which are essential for feeding human populations and improving the quality of life. It contains the variety and variability of ecosystems, animals, plants and micro-organisms, which are necessary to sustain human life as well as the key functions of ecosystems.

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