We must make every effort to preserve, conserve and manage biodiversity. Protected areas, from large wilderness reserves to small sites for particular species, and reserves for controlled uses. The wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves and national park are designated places for protecting the wild plants, animals and natural habitats.
Carbon is the main component of biological compounds as well as many minerals. It is referred to as ‘building block of life’ because it is found in every living as well as non-living things. The Human activities endorse the concentration of carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere and out of which some are absorbed by the plants and some are taken by the ocean.
With the growing population of the world, energy requirements are also increasing. But the speed at which energy requirement is increasing, the fear of destruction of all resources of energy has started increasing. Therefore, it is necessary that we pay special attention to energy conservation or develop other resources for its replacement because if we are not successful in our efforts during the time, then entire human civilization can be in danger.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is considered the “constitution of the oceans”. It is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty. Here, we are giving the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its provision for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams.
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.
Biosequestration is the process of capturing and storing carbon in living organisms such as plants and algae. It is not a new process, but a process that was responsible for the formation of the extensive coal and oil deposits which are now being burned. Here, we are giving the concept of Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration) and its need and importance for general awareness.
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.
Green E-Clearance is a concept of giving environmental clearance for industrial project. The Ministry of Environment and Forest (India) has made it mandatory to obtain Environmental Clearances for Construction projects having covered built-up area greater than 20,000m2. Here, we are giving the concept, projects and importance of Green E-Clearance or Green Environment Clearance for general awareness.
The Coastal zones are defined by the extent of territorial waters up to the high water mark. They are long, narrow features of mainland, islands and seas, generally forming the outer boundary of the coastal domain. Find out the concept, purpose, objectives and challenges of Coastal Zone Management for general awareness.
The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) are rich in agricultural biodiversity and associated wildlife, and are important resources of indigenous knowledge and culture. Here, we are giving the list of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World for general awareness.
FAO started to identify the economic viability of the system, the identification of environmentally sustainable strategies in the face of growing climate change, and the empowerment of small holder/traditional family farming and indigenous communities under Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.
The Environment is the greatest gift of God to man. Its abiotic components like air, water, light, etc., and its biotic living components like plants, animals, human beings, etc. are responsible for the survival and continuance of life on this planet. Here, we are giving the list of legislations on environment and ecology in India that addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment for general awareness.
Pollutant is a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere. It can enter the environment naturally, such as from volcanic eruptions, or through human activities, such as burning coal and gasoline. Here, we are giving the list of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment for general awareness.
The Geo-Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather is the state of the atmosphere over short periods of time. Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month or even year to year. A region’s weather patterns, tracked for more than 30 years, are considered its climate. Here, we are giving the list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world which will be helpful for the entire preparation journey of aspirants.
Hot Spots are biogeographic regions with significant levels of biodiversity are areas that are severely threatened by human activities. A number of factors are important in determining the priority status of a given hot spot. Some of the most important factors are the number of plant and animal species found in the hot spot and nowhere else in the world; the degree of habitat loss and the number of endemic plant and animal species per unit area. Here, we are giving the list of Worldwide Hot Spots Region for general awareness.
The Government of India had launched the project Elephant in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with objectives to protect elephants, their habitat & corridors; to address issues of man-animal conflict; and welfare of captive elephants. Here, we are giving the list of Elephant Reserves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Green Muffler is a technique of reducing noise pollution by planting 4-6 rows around the populated areas or noisy places. Let us find out what is Green Muffler Scheme, why trees are known as buffers, how trees help in reducing noise pollution.
Conservation of Wildlife is necessary to recognize the importance of nature and other wildlife species. It is important to protect the endangered plants and animal species along with their natural habitat. The main concern is to preserve the habitats so that the future generations of wildlife and even humans can enjoy it. This article deals with the steps required for the conservation of Wildlife.
Faunal region, also called Zoogeographic Region which can be defined on the basis of distinctive animal life by geographers. The leading ecologist and environmentalist A.R. Wallace attempted to classify the world animals into fauna regions in 1876 i.e. Palaearctic Region, Nearctic Region, Oriental Region, Ethiopian Region, and Australian Region. Here, we are giving the summary on the Fauna or Zoogeographic Regions of the World which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, and Railways etc.
The distribution of animal is an important area of study in Environment & Ecology as well as Zoogeography which deals with the fauna characteristics, classification, spatial distribution, association, and migration of different species of animals. Here, we are giving the list of Regional distribution of the Wild Animal around the World which will helps the aspirant in strengthening the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
The ecologists and bio-geographers divided six major plant kingdoms in the world on the basis of floral characteristics i.e. Australian Kingdom; Cape Kingdom (South Africa); Antarctic Kingdom; Palaeo-tropical Kingdom; Neo-tropical Kingdom; Boreal Kingdom. Here, we are giving the 10 GK Questions on Plants and Animal Kingdoms in the form of multiple choice questions which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
The Environment is our basic life support system which provides the air for breathing, the water for drinking, the food for eating and the land for a living. It is collectively portrayed all the external forces and conditions, which influences the life, nature, growth and maturity of living organism, whereas ‘Ecology’ is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment.
To ensure happy and healthy life it is necessary to live in the cleanest countries of the world which are free from pollution or at least non-polluted. As, the polluted air contains very small particles like dust, dirt, smoke, pollen etc. which can be inhaled easily and cause severe respiratory or chronic diseases and also difficulty in breathing. In this article we will see the top 5 polluting countries of the world and what all measures they are taking to curb the smog pollution.
The term Biodiversity was coined by R.F Dasman in 1968 which refer to as the variety of and abundance of living organisms in a particular region. It has great social relevance. It is imperative to conserve biodiversity because we have not discovered any valuable use of species of plant , animals and micro-organisms, may be the coming generation learn to optimum as well as valuable of species.
The International Co-ordinating Council (ICC) of UNESCO introduced the designation of ‘Biosphere reserve’ for natural areas in November, 1971. The National Biosphere Reserve Programme in India was initiated in 1986 to serve as wider base for conservation of entire range of living resources and their ecological foundations in addition to already established protected area network system.
Alien Species that threaten native plants and animals of other aspects of biodiversity are called alien invasive species. Here, we are giving the list of Invasive Alien Flora of India which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The Agricultural Revolution or Agrarian Revolution refers to the significant change in agriculture that occurs when there are discoveries, inventions, or new technologies that change production. Here, we are giving the list of India's Biosphere Reserves in UNESCO MAB list which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The Sacred Groves comprises of patches of forest or natural vegetation- from a few trees to forests of several acres-that are usually dedicated to local folk deities. Here, we are giving the list of Sacred Groves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The Mangroves are the tropical trees or shrubs bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building. Here, we are giving the list of Mangrove Sites in India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.