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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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What are Carbon Footprint and Carbon Offsetting?

Dec 28, 2017
In the modern world, the most relevant and disputed issues are the environmental problems and many institutions came up with different approaches to overcome the natural imbalance. For that matter, Carbon Footprint and Carbon Offsetting have become relevant, especially for the understanding of gaseous emissions that led to the climate change.

What are Landslides and its remedial steps?

Dec 27, 2017
We often heard about the incident of landslides, but do you know what causes landslides and how it can be prevented. Here, we are giving the definition, types, cause and remedial steps for landslides which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Do you know the concept of Green GDP and Ecological Debt

Dec 26, 2017
All the uses of biodiversity, ecosystem services and resources like mineral deposits, soil nutrients, and fossil fuels are capital assets, but it is not included in national account or GDP (Gross Domestic Product). Find out the how the concept of Green GDP is different from economic GDP and Ecological Debt which will help to enhance the general awareness of the readers.

How Organic Farming helps in Carbon Sequestration?

Dec 22, 2017
The organic farming is a unique combination of environmentally sound practices with low external inputs. It compliments the Carbon Sequestration because its focus on sustainability without using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, etc. Here, we are giving the concept of organic farming, carbon sequestration and How Organic Farming helps in Carbon Sequestration.

Combat Desertification: UN Convention and Role of Jojoba Plant

Dec 19, 2017
Desertification is a complex phenomenon resulting from factors of physical, biological, socioeconomic, cultural and political nature. It is not confined to the desert areas or to the arid region, but relates to land degradation in about two-thirds of our country’s geographical area falling within the arid, semiarid and dry sub-humid regions. Here, we are giving a write-up how the UN came with Convention to Combat Desertification and Role of Jojoba Plant in the prevention desertification.

Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

Dec 15, 2017
We must make every effort to preserve, conserve and manage biodiversity. Protected areas, from large wilderness reserves to small sites for particular species, and reserves for controlled uses. The wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves and national park are designated places for protecting the wild plants, animals and natural habitats.

What are Carbon Cycle and Global Carbon Budget?

Dec 13, 2017
Carbon is the main component of biological compounds as well as many minerals. It is referred to as ‘building block of life’ because it is found in every living as well as non-living things. The Human activities endorse the concentration of carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere and out of which some are absorbed by the plants and some are taken by the ocean.

14 December: National Energy Conservation day

Dec 13, 2017
With the growing population of the world, energy requirements are also increasing. But the speed at which energy requirement is increasing, the fear of destruction of all resources of energy has started increasing. Therefore, it is necessary that we pay special attention to energy conservation or develop other resources for its replacement because if we are not successful in our efforts during the time, then entire human civilization can be in danger.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Dec 8, 2017
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is considered the “constitution of the oceans”. It is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty. Here, we are giving the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its provision for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams.

What are the differences between El Nino and La Nina?

Dec 4, 2017
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.

Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration): Concept, Importance and Need

Nov 24, 2017
Biosequestration is the process of capturing and storing carbon in living organisms such as plants and algae. It is not a new process, but a process that was responsible for the formation of the extensive coal and oil deposits which are now being burned. Here, we are giving the concept of Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration) and its need and importance for general awareness.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

Green E-Clearance in India: Concept, Project and Importance

Nov 14, 2017
Green E-Clearance is a concept of giving environmental clearance for industrial project. The Ministry of Environment and Forest (India) has made it mandatory to obtain Environmental Clearances for Construction projects having covered built-up area greater than 20,000m2. Here, we are giving the concept, projects and importance of Green E-Clearance or Green Environment Clearance for general awareness.

Coastal Zone Management (CZMA) - Purpose, Objective and Challenges

Nov 13, 2017
The Coastal zones are defined by the extent of territorial waters up to the high water mark. They are long, narrow features of mainland, islands and seas, generally forming the outer boundary of the coastal domain. Find out the concept, purpose, objectives and challenges of Coastal Zone Management for general awareness.

List of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World

Nov 10, 2017
The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) are rich in agricultural biodiversity and associated wildlife, and are important resources of indigenous knowledge and culture. Here, we are giving the list of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World for general awareness.

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS): Objective and Importance

Nov 10, 2017
FAO started to identify the economic viability of the system, the identification of environmentally sustainable strategies in the face of growing climate change, and the empowerment of small holder/traditional family farming and indigenous communities under Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).

Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification

Nov 6, 2017
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.

List of legislations on environment and ecology in India

Sep 28, 2017
The Environment is the greatest gift of God to man. Its abiotic components like air, water, light, etc., and its biotic living components like plants, animals, human beings, etc. are responsible for the survival and continuance of life on this planet. Here, we are giving the list of legislations on environment and ecology in India that addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment for general awareness.

List of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment

Sep 6, 2017
Pollutant is a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere. It can enter the environment naturally, such as from volcanic eruptions, or through human activities, such as burning coal and gasoline. Here, we are giving the list of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment for general awareness.

List of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world

Sep 6, 2017
The Geo-Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather is the state of the atmosphere over short periods of time. Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month or even year to year. A region’s weather patterns, tracked for more than 30 years, are considered its climate. Here, we are giving the list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world which will be helpful for the entire preparation journey of aspirants.

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