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General Geography & Physical Features

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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What are the basic concepts of Geography?

Sep 8, 2020
Geography may be studied by way of several interrelated approaches, i.e., systematically, regionally, descriptively, and analytically. In this article, we have discussed the basic concepts of Geography. 

Tabletop Airports: What is it and how many tabletop runways are in India?

Aug 11, 2020
Recently an Air India Express Plane crashed at the Kozhikode airport in Kerala after overshooting the runway. Do you know about tabletop airports, why such runways are dangerous for landing an aircraft, etc? Let us find out!

List of India’s neighbouring countries

Jul 22, 2020
The key neighbouring countries of India are;Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.India is located latitudinally in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. 

Which States of India share boundaries with Nepal?

Jul 7, 2020
India shares borders with China, Nepal, Burma (Myanmar), Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. It is the seventh-largest country in the world by area. In this article, we will see in detail about the states of India that share boundaries with Nepal.

What is Cyclone Amphan and how it got its name: All you need to know

May 21, 2020
Cyclone Amphan is very likely to continue to move North-Northeastwards and weaken further into a deep depression during the next 3 hours and into a depression during the subsequent 6 hours, according to IMD.  

What is a Tropical Cyclone, how is it formed and its effects?

May 19, 2020
As we know that Cyclone Amphan, the extremely severe cyclonic storm has now turned into a super cyclonic storm. The storm over West-central Bay of Bengal has moved north-northeastwards with a speed of 15 kmph during past 06 hours. IMD issued a warning and all fishing activity is suspended in Bengal and Odisha till 20 May. Do you know what is a Tropical cyclone, how is it formed and its effects.  

Earthquake: Causes, Effects and Magnitude measurement

May 17, 2020
As we know that Earthquake shakes in Delhi has been felt more than three times in one month recently. No doubt one of the worst natural disasters is an Earthquake. How they occur repeatedly? What are the after-effects of an earthquake? What causes an earthquake? How are earthquakes recorded? Let us find out!

Indus Water Treaty (IWT): Water-Sharing Agreement

Feb 22, 2019
The Indus Water Treaty is the treaty between the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan for the optimum utilisation of the waters of the Indus system of rivers. It was signed under the arbitration of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (now World Bank) in Karachi (Pakistan) on September 19, 1960.

Why do the Western Ghats receive more rain than the Eastern Ghats?

Feb 5, 2018
Topography and wind play an important role in the distribution of precipitation. The Ghats, which mean Western and Eastern Ghats, are two mountain ranges forming the eastern and western edges, respectively, of the Deccan plateau of peninsular India. Here, a brief explanation on why do the Western Ghats receive more rain than the Eastern Ghats, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Inside our Earth

Dec 7, 2017
The earth is a dynamic planet because it is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside. The earth is made up of several concentric layers with one inside another. There are three types of layer- crust, mantle and core. The crust is the uppermost layer over the earth’s surface which is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors. The mantle has been just beneath the crust, which is extended up to a depth of 2900 km. below the crust.The innermost layer is the core, with a radius of about 3500 km.

Our Changing view of the Universe

Dec 7, 2017
The Greek astronomers thought that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the moon, the planets, the sun and stars were orbiting around it. In the 6th century, it was Aryabhatta who stated that the rotation of the heavenly bodies is due to the rotation of the earth around its axis. In the 15th century, Nicholas Copernicus opined that the sun was at the centre of the solar system and planets revolve around it. In the 16th century, Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary orbits.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

What is Cartography and how was the first map come to the modern World?

Nov 23, 2017
From the evolution of humankind in the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from the ancient world to the modern world.

Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification

Nov 6, 2017
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.

Our Changing Earth

Sep 20, 2017
When the lithosphere is broken into a number of plates is called the Lithospheric plates.  The plates are moving because they are floating on the molten magma inside the earth.  The movement of lithospheric plates causes changes on the surface of the earth. There are two types of the earth movements which are divided on the basis of the forces- endogenous forces and exogenous forces. These movements like volcano and earth quakes cause mass destruction over the surface of the earth.

Top 10 Highest Peaks of India

Sep 7, 2017
India is a blessed with diversity not only culturally but also with physical features like dry desert, evergreen forest, snowy mountains, long coast and fertile plain.In this article we are giving the detail of the highest peaks of India. The following is the list of Top 10 Highest Peaks in India. Kanchenjunga tops the list followed by Nanda Devi and Saltoro Kangri.

List of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment

Sep 6, 2017
Pollutant is a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere. It can enter the environment naturally, such as from volcanic eruptions, or through human activities, such as burning coal and gasoline. Here, we are giving the list of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment for general awareness.

Summary on the Physiography of India

Jan 5, 2017
India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to Sun drenched coastal villages of the south and the humid tropical forests on the south-west coast, from the fertile Brahmaputra valley on its east to the Thar Desert in the west. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Physiography of India’ as a quick revision capsule which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations.

Geographical Structure of Bihar: Geology | Physiology | Plain |Plateau

Dec 15, 2016
The Geographical Structure of Bihar is embedded with younger geological structure in the North by Dharwarian rocks and older in the South by quaternary rocks. Here, we are giving brief outline of Geographical and Physiological Structure of Bihar which will be helpful for the aspirants as revision capsule to those who are preparing for the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state level examinations.

Important Passes in India

Nov 24, 2015
A mountain pass locally is the highest point on the route through a mountain range or over the ridge. It played an important role in trade, war, and migration. It also known as notches, gaps, saddles, cols, hauses, bwlch (Welsh), bealach or brennig (Gaelic). Important passes are- Zoji La (Pass), Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass),Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass),Jalep La (Pass) etc.

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