1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. Geography

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

Read: General Knowledge | General Knowledge Lists | Overview of India | Countries of World

Mountains: Chandrashila

Aug 25, 2012
Mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country. Chandrashila is summit of the Tungnath . It literally means Moon Rock.

Mountains: Phawngpui Blue Mountain

Aug 25, 2012
Mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country.Phawngpui, the Blue Mountain of Mizoram is a highly revered peak, considered to be the abode of the Gods.

Mountains: Bandarpunch

Aug 25, 2012
Mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country. Bandarpunch is a major peak of the Garhwal division of the Himalayas, in the Indian state of Uttaranchal.

Mountains: Bamba Dhura

Aug 25, 2012
Mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country. Bamba Dhura is a Himalayan mountain peak situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, India.

Mountains: Anginda peak

Aug 25, 2012
Mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country.

Mountains: Anamudi Hills

Aug 25, 2012
Mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country.

Zones

Dec 10, 2010
The globe is divided into three temperature zones. 1. Tropical Zone : It extends between Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. High temperature prevails throughout the year.

Wind

Dec 10, 2010
Due to horizontal differences in air pressure, airflows from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. Horizontal movement of the air is called wind.

Pressure

Dec 10, 2010
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere as a result of its weight, above a unit area of the earth’s surface is called atmospheric pressure. It is expressed in millibars (mb) and measured.

Major Climatic Regions of the world

Dec 10, 2010
Climate is the average weather condition and variations in both space and time over a large area. Humid Tropical Climates The Tropical Rain Forest/Equatorial Climate : This climate is found in a belt 0° to 25°N and S. The annual average temperature is 27°C and rainfall is heavy.

Clouds

Dec 10, 2010
Cloud is a mass of minute droplets of water or tiny crystals of ice formed by the condensation of water vapour in free air at considerable elevations.

Atmosphere

Dec 10, 2010
The vast expanse of air which envelops the earth all around is called the atmosphere. It extends to thousands of kms. It protects the earth’s surface from the sun’s harmful, ultraviolet rays. It also regulates temperature, preventing the earth from becoming too hot or too cold. The major constituents of air in the atmosphere are Nitrogen (78%), Oxygen (21%), Argon (0.93%) and Carbon dioxide (0.03%). Besides water vapour, dust particles, smoke, salts and other impurities are present in air in varying quantities. On the basis of temperature, the atmosphere is divided into five layers:

Climate

Dec 10, 2010
The climate of India may be broadly described as tropical monsoon type. Its climate is affected by two seasonal winds — the north-east monsoon and the south-west monsoon. The north-east monsoon commonly known as winter monsoon blows from land to sea whereas south-west monsoon known as summer monsoon blows from sea to land after crossing the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during the year in the country. It is now possible to make forecast about the monsoon rains successfully with developed models and trained manpower.

Biodiversity

Dec 10, 2010
Biodiversity is the varied and differences among living organisms of terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes associated with them. India has great diversity in its geo-climatic conditions. Thus, there is great diversity in India's forest, wetlands, mangroves wildlife and marine areas. The richness in fauna and flora makes it as one of the 12 mega-biodiversity countries of the world.

WATER RESOURCES

Dec 10, 2010
Rivers The rivers constitute an impoitant natural resource. They form the lifelines of the Indian masses. On the basis of origin they are broadly categorised as : I. The Himalayan Rivers : It consists of the following three systems :

Mineral resources in India

Dec 10, 2010
India possesses a large variety of mineral-ores in fairly huge quantities. Distribution of Mineral Resources in India

Forests in India

Dec 10, 2010
2. Tropical Found in places with Chhotanagpur Plateau Deciduous or rain Tall between covering east Madhya Monsoon 150 to 200 cm. Pradesh, south Bihar, west • Trees are 30 to 45 Orissa and along the metres tall. Shiwaliks in the north. • Important trees are sal, teak, shisham, sandalwood, etc. 3. Tropical Dry Found where rainfall Maharashtra, Andhra is between 75 to Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, 100 cm. Haryana, Tamil Nadu, • Trees are 6 to 9 northern and western parts of metres tall. Madhya Pradesh. • Important trees are neem, shisham, babul, pipal, mango, etc.

Climate

Dec 10, 2010
The climatic conditions of India can be categorised in terms of an annual cycle of seasons. Four main seasons are :

Area

Dec 10, 2010
India is a country of great geographical extent covering 3,287,263 km2 of area. It is the seventh largest country in the world, and is located in South Asia.

Agriculture

Dec 10, 2010
India is essentially an agricultural land. Two-thirds of its population still lives by agriculture. Agriculture includes farming, animal rearing and fishing.

Latest Videos

Register to get FREE updates

    All Fields Mandatory
  • (Ex:9123456789)
  • Please Select Your Interest
  • Please specify

  • ajax-loader
  • A verifcation code has been sent to
    your mobile number

    Please enter the verification code below

This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK