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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Do you know the difference between Peninsular River regime and the Himalayan River regime

Feb 13, 2018
The climatic condition of any place or region controlled the flow of the river system. The River Regime is the pattern of the seasonal flow of water in any river. Here, we are giving brief note which will be helpful for understanding the differences between Peninsular River regime and the Himalayan River regime.

Traditional Agriculture and its impact on the environment

Feb 8, 2018
Human has sacrificed their natural resources for economic development from the dawn of Human civilisation to the modern world. In the evolutionary period of agriculture, people used the practice of slash and burn cultivation or shifting cultivation, which is still prevalent in the tribal region of northeast India. Here, we are giving a brief note on traditional agriculture and its impact on the environment, which is very useful for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC and State Services.

How does the Tibet Plateau influence the monsoon system of the Indian Subcontinent?

Feb 8, 2018
The monsoon system of the Indian subcontinent has appeared as truly massive interruptions and reversal of the normal global atmospheric circulation, which make it different from the rest of the world. Here, we are giving a brief note on ‘How does the Tibet Plateau influence the monsoon system of the Indian Subcontinent’, which is very useful for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC and State Services.

What makes Earth suitable for life?

Feb 8, 2018
When we heard the term Earth, the first things came up in our mind that a terrestrial planet where all forms of life: from basic living micro-organisms to highly sophisticated and intelligent human beings exists. In this write-up, we discussed the factors that are responsible for the existing life on the Earth.

Why do the Western Ghats receive more rain than the Eastern Ghats?

Feb 5, 2018
Topography and wind play an important role in the distribution of precipitation. The Ghats, which mean Western and Eastern Ghats, are two mountain ranges forming the eastern and western edges, respectively, of the Deccan plateau of peninsular India. Here, a brief explanation on why do the Western Ghats receive more rain than the Eastern Ghats, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Basic concepts related to the Atmospheric Circulation and Weather System

Feb 5, 2018
The air circulation, climate and weather system depend on the distribution of temperature over the surface of the earth. Here, we are giving the definition of the basic concepts related to the Atmospheric Circulation and Weather System, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Major Mountain Ranges of the World

Feb 2, 2018
A Mountain Range is a sequential chain or series of mountains or hills with similarity in form, structure and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny. Here, we are giving the list of Major Mountain Ranges of the World and their highest peak, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Do you know the difference between Tropical Cyclone and Extra-tropical Cyclone

Feb 2, 2018
The Cyclone is a weather phenomenon that consists of large scale air mass which rotates around a strong centre of low atmospheric pressure. The low atmospheric pressure region is the home of the cyclone. Hence, it can be tropical cyclones or extra tropical cyclone. Here, we are giving the concept of Tropical Cyclone and Extra-tropical Cyclone as the difference between Tropical Cyclone and Extra-tropical Cyclone, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Top 10 largest Archipelagos in the World

Feb 1, 2018
The Archipelago is a group of many islands in a large body of water. It is basically oceanic islands which are a chain, cluster or collection of scattered islands. Here, we are giving top ten Largest Archipelagos which are very useful for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC and State Services.

Cropping Patterns and Cropping Systems in India

Jan 31, 2018
The choice of crop cultivation of farmer is guided by the factors like Physical, Social and Economic. Sometimes they cultivate a number of crops at their farms and rotate a particular crop combination over a period. Here, we are giving a brief note on the Cropping Patterns and Cropping Systems in India, which will be helpful for the aspirants of the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc.

What are the factors responsible for the formation of Soil?

Jan 30, 2018
The soil is one of the important components of the sustainability of an ecosystem because it is the vitally important natural medium for the growth of vegetation. Here, we are giving brief note on the major factors which are responsible for the formation of the Soil which is very useful for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC and State Services.

A Complete list of Terms related to the Drainage System

Jan 30, 2018
The Drainage System or the River system that flows through the certain pattern formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin. Here, we are giving the list of Terms related to the Drainage System, which will help the aspirants of different competitive examination in the understanding of the terms which are used to study drainage system as well as the drainage pattern.

Drainage pattern

Jan 29, 2018
A Drainage pattern can be defined in the shadow of topographical features from which a stream gets runoff, through flow, and groundwater flow which can be divided by topographic barriers called a watershed. A watershed can be defined as all of the stream tributaries that flow to some location along the stream channel.

Ocean Acidification: Causes and its effects on Marine Ecosystem

Jan 8, 2018
The Earth is a watery planet because about 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered, and the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth's water. Our ocean acts like carbon sink that absorb about a quarter of carbon dioxide that human produces that causes changes in ocean basic chemistry. Here, we are giving brief note on the Ocean Acidification, Causes and its effects on Marine Ecosystem for general awareness.

Do you know the meaning of Oxygen Minimum Zone and Dead Zone

Jan 2, 2018
Oxygen is a central element of life on the Earth because it helps in aerobic respiration which converts sugar (glucose) C6H12O6 using oxygen, O2 into carbon dioxide, CO2 and water H2O this reaction gives the energy needed for cells to operate. Here, we are giving the meaning of the Oxygen Minimum Zone and Dead Zone, which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Difference between United Kingdom, Great Britain and England

Jan 2, 2018
People often use the term United Kingdom, Great Britain and England for the same place, but these three terms have different meanings. First term represents political, second one is for geographic and the last one is for nationality. Here, we are giving some important facts that differentiate the terms United Kingdom, Great Britain and England, and enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

What are Landslides and its remedial steps?

Dec 27, 2017
We often heard about the incident of landslides, but do you know what causes landslides and how it can be prevented. Here, we are giving the definition, types, cause and remedial steps for landslides which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

How Organic Farming helps in Carbon Sequestration?

Dec 22, 2017
The organic farming is a unique combination of environmentally sound practices with low external inputs. It compliments the Carbon Sequestration because its focus on sustainability without using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, etc. Here, we are giving the concept of organic farming, carbon sequestration and How Organic Farming helps in Carbon Sequestration.

Do you know the reason of daily variation of temperature

Dec 20, 2017
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing the subjective perceptions of hot and cold. The connection and interactions between the sun and the Earth drive the seasons, ocean currents, weather, climate, radiation belts and aurorae. Find the concept of weather, climate, climate variability and why there are variations in daily temperature.

Combat Desertification: UN Convention and Role of Jojoba Plant

Dec 19, 2017
Desertification is a complex phenomenon resulting from factors of physical, biological, socioeconomic, cultural and political nature. It is not confined to the desert areas or to the arid region, but relates to land degradation in about two-thirds of our country’s geographical area falling within the arid, semiarid and dry sub-humid regions. Here, we are giving a write-up how the UN came with Convention to Combat Desertification and Role of Jojoba Plant in the prevention desertification.

Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

Dec 15, 2017
We must make every effort to preserve, conserve and manage biodiversity. Protected areas, from large wilderness reserves to small sites for particular species, and reserves for controlled uses. The wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves and national park are designated places for protecting the wild plants, animals and natural habitats.

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Dec 14, 2017
Indian subcontinent is not only well known for its Cultural diversity, but also have a diverse range of flora and fauna. Human activities are permitted in a wildlife sanctuary whereas these are completely restricted in a national park. Hunting is prohibited without permission in a sanctuary; however, grazing and movement of cattle is permitted. Therefore, India houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that help in preserving the wildlife in its natural form. Hunting and grazing are totally prohibited in a national park.

What are Carbon Cycle and Global Carbon Budget?

Dec 13, 2017
Carbon is the main component of biological compounds as well as many minerals. It is referred to as ‘building block of life’ because it is found in every living as well as non-living things. The Human activities endorse the concentration of carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere and out of which some are absorbed by the plants and some are taken by the ocean.

List of Marine Protected Areas in India

Dec 11, 2017
The Marine Protected Area is the place in the ocean where exploitative human activities and interventions are strictly regulated just like in National Parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserve. Find out the list of marine protected areas in India for general awareness.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Dec 8, 2017
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is considered the “constitution of the oceans”. It is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty. Here, we are giving the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its provision for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams.

List of Ocean Ridges around the World

Dec 7, 2017
The Ocean Ridges are submarine mountain chain formed by plate tectonics. In other words, it is an underwater longest mountain range in the world. It demarcates the boundary between two plates. It is a divergent zone where Ocean plates are born, spreading apart from the central valley, or axial trough. Here, we are giving the concept of Ocean ridges, how Ocean ridges are formed and the list of Ocean ridges around the world for general awareness.

Inside our Earth

Dec 7, 2017
The earth is a dynamic planet because it is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside. The earth is made up of several concentric layers with one inside another. There are three types of layer- crust, mantle and core. The crust is the uppermost layer over the earth’s surface which is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors. The mantle has been just beneath the crust, which is extended up to a depth of 2900 km. below the crust.The innermost layer is the core, with a radius of about 3500 km.

Our Changing view of the Universe

Dec 7, 2017
The Greek astronomers thought that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the moon, the planets, the sun and stars were orbiting around it. In the 6th century, it was Aryabhatta who stated that the rotation of the heavenly bodies is due to the rotation of the earth around its axis. In the 15th century, Nicholas Copernicus opined that the sun was at the centre of the solar system and planets revolve around it. In the 16th century, Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary orbits.

What are the differences between El Nino and La Nina?

Dec 4, 2017
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.

How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?

Nov 29, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific and the most powerful phenomenon of the Earth. Here, we are giving the write-up on the ‘How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?’ for general awareness.

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