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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Demography

Dec 10, 2010
The population of India as recorded at each decenial census from 1901 has grown steadily except for a decrease during 1911-21. The population of India, at the turn of the Twentieth century was around 238.4 million.

Climate

Dec 10, 2010
The climate of India may be broadly described as tropical monsoon type. Its climate is affected by two seasonal winds — the north-east monsoon and the south-west monsoon. The north-east monsoon commonly known as winter monsoon blows from land to sea whereas south-west monsoon known as summer monsoon blows from sea to land after crossing the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during the year in the country. It is now possible to make forecast about the monsoon rains successfully with developed models and trained manpower.

Biodiversity

Dec 10, 2010
Biodiversity is the varied and differences among living organisms of terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes associated with them. India has great diversity in its geo-climatic conditions. Thus, there is great diversity in India's forest, wetlands, mangroves wildlife and marine areas. The richness in fauna and flora makes it as one of the 12 mega-biodiversity countries of the world.

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