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India and Climate Change

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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National River Conservation Plan

Sep 7, 2015
The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) Phase - I which was taken up as 100% centrally funded scheme and aimed at preventing the pollution of river Ganga and to improve its water quality. The plan was started in June 1985. The program of river cleaning was extended to other major rivers of the country under two separate schemes of GAP Phase - II and the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP). Yamuna and Gomati Action Plans were approved in April 1993 under Ganga Action Plan Phase - II.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

Sep 7, 2015
A novel coronavirus called “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus” (MERS-CoV) was first reported in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and has since spread to several other countries, including the United States. Most people infected with MERS-CoV have developed severe acute respiratory illness, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Currently this virus is active in South Korea.

Indian Resolutions on Protecting Environment

Sep 7, 2015
The two-day State Environment and Forest Ministers’ Conference concluded at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi on 7 April 2015. The conference started on 6 April 2015. The two-day conference, which was attended by 30 ministers from different state looked upon a wide range of issues like waste to wealth, ease of doing business, TSR Subramanian committee recommendations, forest, wildlife, pollution-related issues, biodiversity and climate change.

Environmental Democracy Index 2015

Sep 7, 2015
Washington-based World Resources Institute (WRI) and the Access Initiative on 20 May 2015 released the first Environmental Democracy Index (EDI) for the year 2015. The index evaluates the environmental democracy in 70 countries based on recognised international standards. The index evaluates whether Governments are enacting national laws to promote transparency, accountability, and citizen engagement in environmental decision making. India was ranked at 24th position out of 70 countries in the first Environmental Democracy Index.

Air Quality in India

Sep 7, 2015
The air quality in Indian metro cities, especially Delhi, is deteriorating on daily basis leading to increasing number of mortality related to poor air quality. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), 1.9 million people in India die every year due to air pollution.  In a study published by the WHO in May 2014 and by Yale University in February 2014, the air in New Delhi was the most polluted in India and in the world.

Air Pollution

Aug 27, 2015
Air pollution occurs when the air contains gases, dust, fumes or odour in harmful amounts. That is, amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials. The substances that cause air pollution are called pollutants. Pollutants that are pumped into our atmosphere and directly pollute the air are called primary pollutants. Primary pollutant examples include carbon monoxide from car exhausts and sulfur dioxide from the combustion of coal.

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