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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Jehangir

Sep 8, 2015
After a long and patient wait and with the blessings of the great Sufi saint Mohammad Salim Chishti, Jalaud din Akbar was blessed with his son from his wife Mariam- uz Zamani, in 1569. In honor of the Sufi saint Akbar built the famous Chishti dargah at Fatehpur Sikri. Jahangir’s full name at the time of his birth was Nur ud din Mohammad Salim. Jahangir was the royal title bestowed on him which meant “conqueror of the world”.

Ibrahim Lodi

Sep 8, 2015
Ibrahim Lodhi an Afghan by blood was the last leader of the Lodhi administration. He succeeded his dad Sikander Lodhi yet couldn't coordinate his capacity as a ruler. He was crushed by Babur in the battle of Panipat which saw the end of Delhi Sultanate and the start of the Mughal rule. He was born in 1480 AD. His rule continued from 1517- 1526 AD. He died in 1526 AD and was succeeded by Babur.

Nasin al Din Muḥammad (Humayun)

Sep 8, 2015
Humayun was born on 27th January 1508. After Babur's death, he ascended the throne of Mughal Empire. Quickly after his accession, Humayun gained various enemies like Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, Sher Khan of Bihar. At last he was expelled by Sher Khan.   Humayun fled to Persia and took political shelter there. He then recaptured his position in Delhi in 1555 after the breaking down of the Pathans. Yet, of his ill luck, he died in 1556, due to an accident.

Economic Conditions during Delhi Sultanate

Sep 8, 2015
Under the Delhi Sultanate the Economic condition of India flourished. In fact enormous wealth tempted Mahmud of Ghazni to invade India 17 times. Malik Kafur, during the reign of Ala- ud- din Khilji, in 1311. The market arrangement of alauddin was superb.

Architecture and Literature during Vijayanagara Empire

Sep 4, 2015
The patronage of the Vijayanagara dynasty to literature and architecture was great with contribution from the royalty too. Prominence of regional languages in explaining topics like religion, poetry, general life, professions, science, skills and devotion is seen with translations around different time frames. The Architecture of the era had a cultural amalgamation from several decades and depicted an Islamic touch. Temples, courts and general civic architecture depicts beautiful intricate moldings and engravings with the use of granite and bright colors.

Social and Cultural Development during Rajput Dynasty

Sep 3, 2015
‘Rajput’ is derived from Sanskrit word ‘raj-putra’ which means “son of a king”. Rajput was identified for their courage, loyalty and royalty. They were the warriors who fought in the battles and took care of the administrating functions. The Rajput originated from western, eastern, northern India and some parts of Pakistan. Rajput has their prominence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Until 20th century Rajput ruled in trounce majority in the princely states of Rajasthan and Surashtra.

Sikandar Lodi: Administration and Achievements

Sep 3, 2015
Sikandar Lodi, whose real name was Nizam Khan, rose the throne of Delhi in 1489 A.D. and administered up to 1517 A.D. He was the second ruler of Lodhi dynasty. Sikandar Lodi was the child of first Lodhi king, Bahlul Lodi. After the passing of Bahlul Lodi, he turned into the Sultan of Delhi Sultanate.

Sayyid Dynasty: List of Rulers

Sep 3, 2015
Timur’s deputy khizr khan was the founder of Sayyid Dynasty. Khizr khan was the first ruler of Sayyid dynasty. He rules delhi from 1414 to 1421 AD. The name of other rulers of this dynasty are  Mubarak khan,( who succeeded khizr khan), Muhammad shah (1434-43), and the last king was Alam shah (1443-51 AD).    

Smaller Kingdoms during Sultanate Era

Sep 3, 2015
The onset of sultanate period witnessed no definite laws of succession. Internal civil wars were breaking the country into smaller cities. After the death of each Sultan, the situation gave rise to many civil wars. To put a feather to the cap, the invasion of Timur and Babur became the main cause for the downfall of Delhi sultanate. This decline of empire bought into existence many small states in different parts of the country.

Prithvi Raj Chauhan

Sep 3, 2015
In 1179 A.D. the Indian history witnessed the accession of the youngest king of Rajputana clan. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was born in the royal family of the King of Ajmer, Raja Someshwar Chauhan, and Maharani Karpuri Devi in 1168 AD. At the sudden demise of his father on the battlefield, it was his courage and strength that made his grand father Angam declared him the king of Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan was the last ruler of the Chauhan Dynasty in India.

Muhammad Bin Tughlaq: Key Facts and Refroms

Sep 3, 2015
The Tughlaq administration, also called as Tughluq or Tughluk dynasty, was a Muslim line of Turky which managed over the Delhi sultanate in medieval India. Its rule began in 1320 in Delhi. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq was the first ruler of this dynasty. Khusrau Khan, the last ruler of the Khilji administration was executed by Ghazni Malik.    

Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah Khilji

Sep 3, 2015
Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah Khilji was the child of Ala-ud-din Khilji. He escaped from the clutch of Malik Kafur, and turned into the third Sultan of Delhi. He was the 3rd and the last ruler of Khilji Dynasty.  In 1320, he was killed by one of his reliable person Khusro Khan.

Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq:The First Emperor of Tughlaq Dynasty

Sep 3, 2015
Ghiyasud-din Tughlaq was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty.  He repulsed the Mongol trespassers many times. He murdered Khurso Khan, and turned into the Sultan. His great achievement was the re-established the food laws of Ala-ud-Din.  

Firoz Shah Tuglaq

Sep 3, 2015
Firoz Shah Tuglaq was a Turkish leader who was born in 1309 and was in power in Delhi from 1351 to 1388. He was the child of a Hindu princess of Dipalpur. His dad's name was Rajab who was younger sibling of Ghazi Malik who carried the title of Sipahsalar.   

Administration in Delhi Sultanate

Sep 3, 2015
Administration during the Delhi Sultanate was based on the laws of the Shariat or the laws of Islam. Political, legal and military authority was vested in the Sultan. Thus military strength was the main factor in succession of throne. Administrative units were, Iqta, Shiq, Paraganaa and Gram.

Causes of the Downfall of Lodhi Dynasty

Sep 3, 2015
The Lodi Dynasty was established by Bahlol Lodhi in 1451. Bad economic conditions and fast draining treasuries due to continuous wars of succession along with regular invasions by Timur weakened the military capabilities and weakened the lodhi dynasty.

Bahlul Lodhi

Sep 3, 2015
The Lodi Dynasty was established by Bahlol Lodhi in 1451. He captured the throne of Delhi on April 19th 1451 with the title of “Bahlul Shah Ghazi”. His accession marked the suppression of Sayyad dynasty.  Bahlul Lodhi died in Delhi on July 12th 1489 and was succeeded by his son Sikander lodhi.      

Razia Sultan:The First Women Ruler of India

Aug 25, 2015
Iltutmish nominated his daughter Razia for the throne of delhi by overtaking his son Ruknudddin Firoz. Razia Sultan was born in year 1205 and ruled the country from 1236-1240. Razia Sultan was the first Muslim woman who captured the throne of Delhi. The nobles of delhi did not like Razia as Sultan of delhi and conspired against her.

Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah Khilji

Aug 25, 2015
Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah Khilji was the child of Ala-ud-din Khilji. He escaped from the hands of Malik Kafur's, and turned into the third Sultan of Delhi. He was the 3rd and the last ruler of Khilji Dynasty. Mubarak Shah started his rule well. He cancelled the brutal regulations of his father and restored the appropriate grounds to their proprietors and abolished his father's arrangement of value control. In 1320, he was killed by one of his reliable person Khusro Khan.

The Origin of Rajputs

Aug 25, 2015
‘Rajput’ is derivative of a Sanskrit word raj-putra which means “son of a king”. Rajput were recognized for their bravery, faithfulness and royalty. They were the warriors who fought in the battles and took care of the governing functions. The Rajput originated from western, eastern, northern India and from some parts of Pakistan. Rajput enjoyed their eminence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Until 20th century Rajput ruled in trounce majority in the princely states of Rajasthan and Surashtra.

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