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Wildlife and its Conservation

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Do you Know these Facts about Red Panda

Apr 1, 2016
The Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) are found in the forest canopy in the mountains of Nepal, India, Bhutan, China, Laos and Myanmar. As clear from their name, red pandas are red, and have white and black markings. Their legs and bellies are black. Their tails are ringed. They even have fur on the soles of their feet, which helps them stay warm in the high altitudes where they live. The name of the Firefox web browser is said to have been derived from a nickname of the red panda.

Do you know these Facts about Blue Whales

Apr 1, 2016
Blue whale is the largest animal on the planet. It can be found in all oceans of the world. They usually spend the summer in arctic water and migrate to southern (warmer) waters during winter time. Blue whales are very old creatures - they exist on the Earth 54 million years. Number of blue whales decreased drastically in the first half of the 20th century when whalers hunted them nearly to extinction. Today there are nearby 20000 whales are left.

Why Indian Vultures are vanishing: A Complete Analysis?

Mar 30, 2016
In the decade of 1980s, the number of white-Rumped vultures was around 80 million in India. Today its number decreased to less than 60 thousand (2012).This is the fastest disappearance of any bird species in the world, including Dodo. As we know that vulture plays a prominent role in the sanitation work. The disappearance of vulture has resulted in the explosion of rats etc. This degradation cost around US $ 25 bn. up to 2015.

Do you know these Facts about Whales

Mar 30, 2016
Whales belong to the order cetacea, which includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. Whales are divided into two suborders: baleen and toothed whales. Baleen whales have a comb-like fringe, called a baleen, on the upper jaw, which is used to filter plankton, as well as small fish and crustaceans. They are the largest species of whale. Toothed whales have teeth and prey on fish, squid, other whales and marine mammals. They sense their surrounding environment through echolocation.

Sariska Tiger Reserve: Facts at a Glance

Mar 25, 2016
Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in Alwar District of Rajasthan in lap of Aravali hills. Sariska Tiger Reserve or Sariska National Park was a hunting reserve area for Alwar state. It got a status of wildlife reserve in year 1955 and in year 1978 it became Sariska Tiger Reserve. It covers area of 866 sq kms. The Wild life 0f Sariska Park includes Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Caracal, Striped Hyena, Golden Jackal, Chital, Sambhar, Blue Bull, Chinkara, Four Horned antelope.

Ranthambore National Park: Facts at a Glance

Mar 25, 2016
Ranthambore National Park is in Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan. It is located at the junction of the Aravalli and Vindhya hill range.The park covers an area of Approximately 400 sq Km and if combined it with the area of sawai man singh sanctuary area, it is around 500 Sq km. Ranthambore national park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1957 and in 1974 it gained the protection of "Project Tiger". It got the status of a National Park in 1981.

The Kanha National Park: The Largest Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh

Mar 18, 2016
The Kanha National Park is situated in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh. The national park is being popularized as the Tiger reserve. It is spreading across two districts the Mandala and the Kalaghat. Kanha National Park was declared a reserve forest in 1879 and revalued as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Its position was further upgraded to a national park in 1955. The picturesque Kanha National Park was the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling's unforgettable classic Jungle Book.

Dachigam National Park: Home of the Hangul

Mar 18, 2016
Dachigam National Park was established in 1981 and it is located in the high altitude temperate zone in Jammu & Kashmir which is only 22 km away from the Srinagar. The average height of the park is 2990 meters from the sea level. The park is spread in 141 kms. Main trees found in the park are; Himalayan moist temperate evergreen, moist deciduous and shrubs, deodar, pine and oak. The term Dachigam stands ‘ten villages’.

Dudhwa National Park; ‘The Garden of Eden’: Facts at a Glance

Mar 18, 2016
The Dudhwa National Park is a protected area in Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts of Uttar Pradesh. It is scattered in the area of 1,284.3 km (495.9 sq mi) and includes three large forest fragments amidst the matrix dominated by agriculture. It ranges in altitude from 110 to 185 m (361 to 607 ft).It shares the north-eastern boundary with Nepal. The national park is also inhabited by rattling diversity of birds, including Swamp Francolin, Bengal Florican and Great Slaty Woodpecker.

Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.): Facts at Glance

Mar 16, 2016
Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.) is situated in Alipurduar Sub-division of Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal. It comprises of the entire Buxa Forest Division (702.44 km2), and a part of Cooch- Behar Forest Division (58.43 km2). The Reserve lies between latitudes 26o30′ and 26o55′ N and longitudes 89o20′ and 89o55′ E. Buxa Tiger Reserve created in 1983 as the 15th tiger reserve in India. In 1992, Government of West Bengal declared its intentions to constitute a National Park over 117.10 km2 of the Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary.

Bandipur National Park: A Tiger Reserve in Southern India

Mar 16, 2016
Bandipur National Park is tagged as one of the most beautiful and the well-managed national parks of India. It is situated amidst the picturesque surroundings of the towering Western Ghats Mountains on the Mysore-Ooty highway in Karnataka. Bandipur National Park is scattered in area of about 874.2 sq km. It creates the India's biggest biosphere reserve popularly known as the 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Bandipur also has a sizable number of Tigers.

Bandhavgarh National Park: The land of National Animal of India

Mar 11, 2016
Bandhavgarh National Park, the most popular national parks in India is located in the Vindhya Hills of the Umaria district in Madhya Pradesh. It is declared a national park in 1968. The Bandhavgarh National Park is spread across the area of 105 km². The area of Bandhavgarh is being flourished with a large biodiversity, the place which is also being famed to grip highest density of tiger population in India.

Heritage Animal of India-'Elephant': Facts at a Glance

Mar 11, 2016
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. Two species are traditionally recognised, the African elephant and the Asian elephants.

What Entitles Western Ghats to Enter in the List of World Heritage Site?

Mar 10, 2016
The Western Ghats scattered from the mount of the river Tapi to the cape of kanyakumari for a distance of 1600 kms. Its average height is 1200 metres. It is not a real hill range; rather it is a rift side in the peninsular plateau. The height of Western Ghats increases from north to south whereas height of Eastern Ghats increases from south to north. Western Ghats are also more continuous than Eastern Ghats.

Why Sundarban National Park is so popular: A factual Analysis

Mar 10, 2016
Sundarban, the largest delta in the world, consists of 10,200 sq km of Mangrove Forest, spread over India and Bangladesh. The part of the forest within Indian Territory is called Sundarbans National Park and is in the southern part of West Bengal. The Sundarbans cover an area of 38,500 sq km, of which about one-third is covered by water/marsh. The forest has a large number of Sundari trees. Sundarban is world famous for the Royal Bengal tigers.

Nanda Devi National Park: Facts at a Glance

Mar 10, 2016
The Nanda Devi National Park, established in 1982, as a national park.  It is situated around the peak of Nanda Devi (7816 m) in the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. It was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. The Park was established as Sanjay Gandhi National Park by Notification in 1982 but was later renamed Nanda Devi National Park. Some 312 floral species that include 17 rare species have been found here. Fir, birch, rhododendron, and juniper are the main flora.

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (Assam): A Biodiversity Hotspot

Feb 22, 2016
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located at the base of foot hills of the Bhutan-Himalayas in the state of Assam. It is famous for unique biodiversity and landscape. Manas is the first reserve included in the network of tiger reserve under Project tiger in 1973. The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary was tagged as World Heritage Site in 1985. In 1989, Manas acquired the status of a Biosphere reserve. It extends over an area of 2837 Sq. Km from Sankosh River in the west to Dhansiri River in the east.

The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP): Crucial facts at a Glance

Feb 22, 2016
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is located in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India.  GHNP was formally declared a National Park in 1999, scattering area of 754.4 sq kms.  The Great Himalayan National Park is a habitat to numerous flora and more than 376 fauna species, including approximately 32 mammals, 180 birds, 3 reptiles, 10 amphibians, 12 annelids, 18 mollusks and 126 insects. It got the tag of World Heritage site on 23rd June 2014.

Kaziranga National Park: The Home of World’s Great One-Horned Rhinoceros

Feb 22, 2016
Kaziranga is located between latitudes 26°30' N and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E within two districts in the Indian state of Assam -the Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district and the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district (Assam). Kaziranga covers an area of 378 km2 (146 sq mi).It is a world heritage site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world’s Great One-horned rhinoceros. Kaziranga has the highest density of tigers among the protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006.


Dec 10, 2010
Biodiversity is the varied and differences among living organisms of terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes associated with them. India has great diversity in its geo-climatic conditions. Thus, there is great diversity in India's forest, wetlands, mangroves wildlife and marine areas. The richness in fauna and flora makes it as one of the 12 mega-biodiversity countries of the world.

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