General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Dec 11, 2010
Bosnia and Herzegovina make up a triangular-shaped republic, on the Balkan peninsula. The Bosnian region in the north is mountainous and covered with thick forests.

Bolivia

Dec 11, 2010
Landlocked by neighbors, Brazil forms its eastern border; its other neighbors are Peru and Chile on the west and Argentina and Paraguay on the south. The western part, enclosed by two chains of the Andes, is a great plateau—the Altiplano, with an average altitude of 3,658 m. Almost half the population lives on the plateau, which contains Oruro, Potosí, and La Paz.

Bhutan

Dec 11, 2010
Mountainous Bhutan, is situated on the southeast slope of the Himalayas, bordered on the north and east by Tibet and on the south and west and east by India. The landscape consists of a succession of lofty and rugged mountains and deep valleys.

Benin

Dec 11, 2010
This West African nation on the Gulf of Guinea, between Togo on the west and Nigeria on the east. The land consists of a narrow coastal strip that rises to a swampy, forested plateau and then to highlands in the north.

Belize

Dec 11, 2010
Belize is situated on the Caribbean Sea, south of Mexico and east and north of Guatemala in Central America. Most of the country is heavily forested with various hardwoods.

Belgium

Dec 11, 2010
Located in western Europe, Belgium has about 40 mi of seacoast on the North Sea, at the Strait of Dover. The Meuse and the Schelde, Belgium’s principal rivers, are important commercial arteries.

Belarus

Dec 11, 2010
Much of Belarus (formerly the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR, and then Byelorussia) is a hilly lowland with forests, swamps, and numerous rivers and lakes. There are wide rivers, forests cover over one-third of the land and its peat marshes are a valuable natural resource.

Barbados

Dec 11, 2010
An island in the Atlantic about 483 km north of Venezuela, Barbados is only 34 Km long and 23 Km across at its widest point. It is circled by fine beaches and narrow coastal plains.

Bangladesh

Dec 11, 2010
Bangladesh, on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal, is surrounded by India, with a small common border with Myanmar in the southeast. The country is low-lying riverine land traversed by the many branches and tributaries of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers.

Bahrain

Dec 11, 2010
Bahrain, which means “two seas,” is an archipelago in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia. The islands for the most part are level expanses of sand and rock. A causeway connects Bahrain to Saudi Arabia.

Bahamas

Dec 11, 2010
The Bahamas are an archipelago of about 700 islands and 2,400 uninhabited islets and cays lying 80 Km off the east coast of Florida. They extend for about 1,223 km.

Azerbaijan

Dec 11, 2010
Azerbaijan is located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea at the southeast extremity of the Caucasus. The region is a mountainous country, and only about 7% of it is arable land. The Kura River Valley is the area’s major agricultural zone.

Austria

Dec 11, 2010
Austria includes much of the mountainous territory of the eastern Alps (about 75% of the area). The country contains many snowfields, glaciers, and snowcapped peaks, the highest being the Grossglockner (3,819 m). The Danube is the principal river.

Australia

Dec 11, 2010
The continent of Australia, with the island state of Tasmania. Mountain ranges run from north to south along the east coast, reaching their highest point in Mount Kosciusko. The western half of the continent is occupied by a desert plateau that rises into barren, rolling hills near the west coast.

Armenia

Dec 11, 2010
Armenia is located in the southern Caucasus and is the smallest of the former Soviet republics. A land of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, its highest point is Mount Aragats, 4,095 m.

Argentina

Dec 11, 2010
Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua (6,960 m) is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. The northern area is the swampy and partly wooded Gran Chaco, bordering on Bolivia and Paraguay.

Government Constitutional Monarchy

Dec 11, 2010
Antigua, the larger of the two main islands, is 280 sq km. The island dependencies of Redonda (an uninhabited rocky islet) and Barbuda (a coral island formerly known as Dulcina) are 1.30 sq km and 161 sq km, respectively.

Angola

Dec 11, 2010
Angola underwent a transition from a one party socialist state to a nominally multiparty democracy in 1992. Angola, extends for more than 1,000 mi (1,609 km) along the South Atlantic in southwest Africa. Nearly all the land is desert or savanna, with hardwood forests in the northeast.

Andorra

Dec 11, 2010
A parliamentary coprincipality composed of the bishop of Urgel (Spain) and the president of France. Their representatives are listed above. The principality was internationally recognized as a sovereign state in 1993.

Algeria

Dec 11, 2010
Algeria is bordered on the west by Morocco and Western Sahara and on the east by Tunisia and Libya.

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