Mahatma Gandhi full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and he is also known as "Bapu" or "Rashtrpita", "The Father of Nation". The ideal's of Mahatma Gandhi were Ahimsa (non-violence) and satya (truth). He not only contributed in India;s freedom struggle but also inspired people across the world and raise the voice against discrimination of caste, colour, religion. He was a simple man with vast ideas and he always give message to others that "Be the change you wish to see in the world".
He was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He pursued law for one year at the University of Bombay and later went to University College London and completed his graduation in 1891. After that, he started working in the Bar council of England. And also went to South Africa, where he experienced racism.
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of Indian independence movement has been a subject of deep study in India and outside. Find here 10 interesting facts about Gandhiji, the leader of masses.
1. Gandhiji’s mother tongue was Gujarati.
2. He did his schooling from Alfred High School, Rajkot.
3. His birthday (2nd October) is commemorated world-wide as International Day of Nonviolence.
4. He was the youngest child of his parents. He had 2 brothers and 1 sister.
5. Gandhi’s father was Hindu by religion and Modh Baniya by caste.
6. Mahadev Desai was Gandhi’s personal secretary.
7. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was assassinated in the garden of the former Birla House.
8. Gandhiji and famous author Leo Tolstoy interacted with each other through letters.
9. Gandhiji set up a small colony, Tolstoy Farm at an 1100 acre site, 21 miles from Johannesburg, South Africa for his colleagues in the Satyagraha struggle.
10. Gandhiji was born on Friday, India got its freedom on Friday and Gandhi ji was assassinated on Friday.
11. He not only fought for Independence but also demanded fair treatment for the untouchables, lower caste and also done several fast in support of them. He also called untouchables as harijans meaning "children of God".
12. Gandhi in 1982 is an epic historical drama film based on Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi won the Academic Award for best motion picture.
13. In 1930, he was the Time Magazine Man of the Year. He was a great writer and the Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi have 50,000 pages.
14. Do you know that 5 times Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
15. The country against whom he fought for India's Independence, Great Britain, released a stamp honouring him, 21 years after his death.
16. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was not born with the title Mahatma. He was given the title to him by the Nobel Prize winning Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore.
17. When Jawaharlal Nehru was giving tryst of destiny speech to celebrate independence, Gandhi ji was not present at that time.
18. Mahatama Gandhi funeral procession was 8 kilometers long.
19. Reserve Bank of India issued The Gandhi series banknotes by displaying portrait of Mahatma Gandhi since its introduction in 1996. The series issued in 1996 is of 10 and 500 rupee banknotes.
20. In 1959, Gandhi Memorial Museum was established. It is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu, India. It is also known as Gandhi Museum. It consists of a blood stained garment which was worn by Mahatama Gandhi when he was assasinated by the Nathuram Godse.