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13 Parameters to Compare India and China

20-FEB-2017 18:57


    India has become the fastest growing economy of the world. The size of Indian economy is $US 4.99 trillion while china stands at $US13.39 trillion in terms of PPP. In this article we have compared these two super powers of the world with the help of authentic data. Let’s have a look on the economic data of these two giant economies of the world.

    1. Area

    A. India

    Total: 3,287,263 sq km

    Land: 2,973,193 sq km

    Water: 314,070 sq km

    B. China

    Total: 9,596,960 sq km

    Land: 9,326,410 sq km

    Water: 270,550 sq km


    image source:Jagranjosh

    2. Population

    A. India

    Total Population: 1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.)

    B. China

     Total Population: 1,355,692,576 (July 2014 est.)


    image source:StatisticsTimes.com

    3. Age Structure

    A. India: Age structure: 

    0-14 years:             28.5% (male 187,016,401/female 165,048,695)

    15-24 years:          18.1% (male 118,696,540/female 105,342,764)

    25-54 years:           40.6% (male 258,202,535/female 243,293,143)

    55-64 years:            7% (male 43,625,668/female 43,175,111)

    65 years and over:  5.8% (male 34,133,175/female 37,810,599) (2014 est.)

    B. China: Age structure

    0-14 years:          17.1% (male 124,340,516/female 107,287,324)

    15-24 years:        14.7% (male 105,763,058/female 93,903,845)

    25-54 years:        47.2% (male 327,130,324/female 313,029,536)

    55-64 years:         11.3% (male 77,751,100/female 75,737,968)

    65 years and over:  9.6% (male 62,646,075/female 68,102,830) (2014 est.)


    image source:EastBound88.com

    List of Top Five Debt Ridden Country of the World

    4. Population Growth Rate         

    A. India: 1.25% (2014 est.)           

    B. China: 0.44% (2014 est.)

    5. Life Expectancy at Birth

    A. India               

    Total Population: 67.8 years

    Male: 66.68 years

    Female: 69.06 years (2014 est.)

    B. China

    Total Population: 75.15 years

    Male: 73.09 years

    Female: 77.43 years (2014 est.)

    6. Expenditures on Education & Health                

    A. India: 5.1% of GDP (2015-16)

    B. China:  7.2 % of GDP (2015-16)

    7. Labor force - by occupation

    A. India

    Agriculture: 49%

    Industry: 20%

    Services: 31% (2012 est.)             

    B. China

    Agriculture: 33.6%

    Industry: 30.3%

    Services: 36.1%


    image source:google.com

    8. Unemployment Rate (2015-16)

    A. India: 5%

    B. China: 4.2%

    9. SIZE of Economy in Terms of Gross Domestic Product (in terms of purchasing power parity)

    A. India : $4.99 trillion (2013 est.)

    B. China : $13.39 trillion (2013 est.)

    GDP of China at PPP terms is 2.39 times more than compare to nominal basis. This ratio of India is 3.60.


    image source:Livemint

    10. GDP Growth Rate (2016)

    A. India: 7.3%

    B. China: 6.6%

    India defeated the china in terms of fastest growing country of the world. Now India is the world leader in terms of growth rate of GDP.

    11. Gross Domestic Product Composition

    A. India:

    Agriculture (17.9%), Industry (24.2%) and Services (57.9%)

    B. China: Agriculture (9.7%), Industry (43.9%) and Services (46.4%)


    image source:Inchin Closer

    Service sector is the backbone of the Indian economy while it is manufacturing sector for the economy of china.

    12. Debt to GDP Ratio:

    A. India: 69% of GDP

    B. China: 43.9% of GDP

    It means India is more debt ridden country as compare to china.


    image source:tradingeconomics.com

    13. Defense Budget:

    A. India: 1.93 lakh crore

    B. China: Rs. 5.85 lakh crore


    image source:image source:Quora

    Nature of Indian Economy: Structure and Key Features

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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