19 Laws and Rights must be known to every Indian
Indian Constitution has provided so many rights to the people to protect their fundamental rights but unfortunately most of the people are not aware of their rights. So in this article we have mentioned such laws and the rights which not only protect their interests but also ease their daily life.
19 Laws and Rights must be known to every Indian
1. At the time of driving if your 100ml. blood contains more than 30mg. of alcohol then police can arrest you without a warrant.
Motor Vehicle Act 1988, section -185 202
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2. No woman cannot be arrested before 6 A.M. and after 6 P.M.
Criminal Procedure Code, Section 46
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3. A Police officer can’t refuse to lodge an FIR if he/she does so they could be jailed for up to 6 months to 1 year.
Indian Penal Code, 166 A
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4. Even any 5 star hotel can’t prohibit you from drinking potable water and using its washrooms.
Indian Srius Act, 1887
5. As per the Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, wearing the helmet is must for two wheeler riders. Section 128 of this Motor Vehicle Act limits maximum two riders on the bikes. This law also says that if the traffic police officer snatches the key from the car or motorcycle, it is illegal. You have the full right to launch a Legal proceeding against the officer.
Motor Vehicle Act, 1988
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6. If a young boy and a girl want to live together in “live in relationship” ,they can do so because it is not illegal. Even the new born from this relationship is also a legal son or daughter and this new born have the full right in the assets of his/her father.
Domestic Violence Act, 2005
7. A police officer is always on duty whether he/she wearing a uniform or not. If a person makes a complaint to the officer, he/she could not say that he can’t help the victim because he/ she is not on the duty.
Police Act, 1861
8. No company can fire a pregnant woman. It may be punishable by a maximum of 3 years of imprisonment..
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
9. In the case of tax violations, the tax collection officer has the power to arrest you but before arresting you, he/she will have to send a notice to you. Only Tax Commissioner decides that how long you will stay in the custody.
Income Tax Act, 1961
10. As per the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (any husband or wife) may apply for divorce in the court on the basis of Adultery (physical relationship outside of marriage), physical and mental abuse, impotency, to leave home without information, to change Hindu religion and adopt other religion, insanity, incurable disease and no information about husband or wife for seven year.
Hindu Marriage Act, Section -13
11. Only women police constable can arrest to women. Male constable doesn’t have the right to arrest women. Women have the right to deny going to police stations after the 6 P.M. and before the 6 A.M. In the case of a serious crime only after receipt of the written order from the magistrate a male policeman can arrest a woman.
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
12. There are very few people who know that if their gas cylinder blasts during the cooking of food then the gas agency is liable to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the victim as a compensation. To claim this compensation consumer need to logde an FIR to the nearest police station and submit it to the concerned gas agency.
As per the Citizen Charter (Indian Oil Corporation website)
13. It would surprise you to know that if you take a gift from any company on the occasion of a festival, it falls into the category of bribery. You can also be sentenced to jail for this crime.
Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010
14. If you are fined for a crime (like riding without a helmet or any other reason) then you will not be fined for the same reason in the same day.
Automotive (Amendment) Bill, 2016,
15. Any Shop keeper can’t charge more than the printed price of any commodity but a consumer has the right to bargain for less than the printed price of a commodity.
Maximum Retail Price Act, 2014
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16. If your office does not pay you then you have the power to file an FIR against it within 3 years. But if you report after 3 years, you will not get anything for the due.
Limitation Act, 1963
17. If you are found involved in “obscene activity" at a public place, you can be imprisoned for 3 months. But in the absence of exact definition of obscene activity police has always misused this act.
Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code
18. If somebody belongs to Hindu religion and have a son or grandson then he can’t adopt a second child.
There must be a gap of at least 21 years between you (the adopter) and your adopted son.
Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956
19. If you are living in Delhi then your land lord does not have the right to forcefully vacate your house without giving prior notice to you.
Delhi Rent Control Act, 1958, Section 14