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Sindhu Valley Civilisation To Battle Of Panipat

11-DEC-2010 11:52

3000 BC-1500 BC: Indus Valley Civilization began in Harappa, and was one of the world’s three earliest urban civilizations, contemporary to Sumer (in Mesopotamia/Iraq) and ancient Egypt. The cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro become large metropolises. It had superior urban planning and sewage systems.

1900 -1700 BC: Aryan invasion, conquered Afghanistan and Punjab, begining of Vedic Civilization, though Aryan invasion theory is now disputed by many.

1500 BC: Rig Veda is composed.

600 BC: Sixteen Maha Janapadas emerge. A number of these Maha Janapadas are semidemocratic republics.

563 BC: Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born.

549 BC: Mahavira, founder of Jainism is born. 500 BC: Panini standardizes the grammar and morphology of Sanskrit in the text Ashtadhyayi.

327 BC: Alexander crossed the Indus and invaded India.

326 BC: Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River

322-185 BC: Age of Maurya Dynasty; Mauryan Empire founded by Chandragupta Maurya.

305 BC: Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire

273 BC: Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, ascends as emperor of the Mauryan Empire.

261 BC: Ashoka conquers the kingdom of Kalinga.

260 BC: Ashoka inscribes the Edicts of Ashoka giving his theory of Dhamma.

184 BC: The Mauryan Empire collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty.

200-100 BC: Tholkappiyam standardizes the grammar and morphology of Tamil and the oldest existing grammar in the text.

180 BC: Establishment of the Indo-Greek kingdom.

80 BC: Establishment of the Indo-Scythian kingdom.

65 BC: Pandyan king sends Ambassodars to Greek and Roman court.

58 BC: Beginning of Vikrami Calendar. AD

68 AD: Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula.

78 AD: Beginning of Saka Era; Accession of Kanishka (the Kushan King). Saka Era started during his reign.

320 AD: Gupta Era begins. Chandragupta Vikramaditya was the greatest king of this dynasy, during his reign art and culture reached its zenith.

405 AD: Fahien (Chinese pilgrim) visited India during the reign of Chandragupta Vikramaditya.

450-475 AD: Hun invasion.

606-647 AD: Reign of Harshavardhana, King of North India the last great Hindu king of Northern India. Hiuen-tsang (Chinese pilgrim) visited India during his reign.

712 AD: Arab invasion of Sind by Mohd.-bin-Qasim.

820 AD: Death of Sankaracharya, the great hindu philosopher.

900 AD: Rise of Chola dynasty.

1000-1026 AD: Sultan Mahmud Ghazni attacks India. king of Punjab by Mahmud Ghazni.

1025-26 AD: Somnath Temple destroyed by Mahmud Ghazni.

1191 AD: First Battle of Traori (or Tarain).

1192 AD: Second Battle of Traori; Fall of Prithvi Raj Chauhan King of Delhi and Ajmer at the hands of Muhammad Ghori.

1192-1290 AD: Establishment of Muslim Rule in Northern India; Reign of Slave Kings.

1206 AD: Qutab-ud-Din Aibak founded the first Muslim dynasty in India. Assassination of Mohd. Ghori. 1221 AD: First Mangol invasion by Changez Khan.

1232 AD: Qutab Minar built near Delhi(started by Qutab-ud-din Aibak and completed by his successor Iltutmish).

1330 AD: Copper coins introduced and made legal tender by Mohammad Tughlaq.

1334 1342 AD: Ibn Batuta in India.

1336 AD: Vijayanagar Empire founded in South India by Harihar and Bukka.

1347 AD: Bahmani kingdom founded in South India by Hasan Gangoo.

1398 AD: Invasion of Timur Lang; Delhi sacked.

1469 AD: Birth of Guru Nanak Dev (founder of the Sikh faith).

1486-1533 AD: Life time of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, great exponent of Bhakti movement.

1498 AD: Vasco-da-Gama discovered the sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope; arrived at Calicut (May 20).

1510 AD: Goa conquered by Albuquerque—Portuguese Viceroy in India.

1526 AD: Babur’s invasion; First Battle of Panipat; foundation of Mughal Rule in North India.

1540-1545 AD: Reign of Sher Shah Suri; Mughal King Humayun in exile.

1556 AD: Second Battle of Panipat; Humayun’s death; Accession of Akbar to the throne.

1556-1605 AD: Reign of Akbar; expansion of Mughal Empire.

1576 AD: Battle of Haldighat pass; Akbar defeated Rana Pratap.

1582 AD: Promulgation of a new faith Din-i-Elahi by Akbar.

1600 AD: East India Company established in India.

1605 AD: Death of Akbar.

1605-1627 AD: Reign of Jehangir.

1612 AD: First English factory at Surat.

1627 AD: Birth of Shivaji.

1627-1657 AD: Reign of Shah Jehan.

1634 AD: Firman permitting the English to trade in Bengal.

1648 AD: Taj Mahal at Agra completed by Shah Jehan.

1658 AD: Coronation of Aurangzeb.

1666 AD: Shivaji’s visit to the Mughal court at Agra, his imprisonment and escape.

1668 AD: First French Factory at Surat.

1674 AD: Shivaji’s coronation.

1686-1687 AD: Fall of the kingdom of Bijapur and Golkonda.

1707 AD: Death of Aurangzeb; Death of Guru Gobind Singh; decline of Mughal Empire begins.

1714 AD: Peshwa dynasty founded by Balaji Vishwanath.

1739 AD: Nadir Shah invaded India; The Peacock Throne taken away by him to Iran.

1742 AD: Dupleix appointed Governor of Pondicherry.

1757 AD: Battle of Plassey; Lord Clive established British Rule in India.

1760 AD: Battle of Wandiawash; end of French power in India.

1761 AD: Third Battle of Panipat. This battle gave a severe blow to Maratha power.


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