Akbar’s Rajput policy was important to understand because it consolidated the Mughal empire and provided a solid foundation. Although all the Rajput rajas had tendered their submission to the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Udai Singh, youngest son of Rana Sanga still refuted the monopoly of the Mughl emperor and defended his fort of Chittor.
After Rana Sanga died in 1528, he was succeeded by his eldest son Rana Ratan Singh who was murdered in 1531. His brother Vikramaditya Singh met the same fate in 1537. Banbir killed him and usurped the throne. He also tried to kill Udai Singh but the latter was saved by his nurse Panna Dhai who sacrificed his own son in order to do so.
In 1540, Udai Singh was crowned as the king of Chittor. His eldest son was Rana Pratap. Udai Singh had given refuse to Baz Bahadur, the king of Malwa. It invoked the anger of Akbar and he attacked Mewar in 1567. The fort of Chittor was entrusted to Rajput chieftains Jaimal and Patta who died fighting the battle and Chittor was captured by Akbar.
Udai Singh died in 1572 and his nobles placed Rana Pratap on the throne. After Chittor, the famous forts of Kalinjer and Ranthambore also fell into the hands of Akbar.
One of the bravest King of India, Pratap refused to accept Akbar as the ruler of India and fought against him all his life. Akbar tried to win Pratap diplomatically but all his attempts were in vain. Rana Pratap refused to accept any matrimonial alliance with the Mughals and to serve Akbar in his court.
This caused the battle of Haldi Ghati on 21 June, 1576. Mughal forces defeated Pratap decisively in this battle but Pratap continued his Guerilla warfare against Akbar.
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