Electoral Reforms in India: Meaning and Requirement

Electoral reforms refer to the introduction of the best pratices in ensuring better democracy, clean politics, fair elections, ideal members of legislative houses, true representation and so on.

Articles 324-329 of the Indian Constitution deal with elections and electoral reforms.

Electoral Reforms:

The process of electoral reforms focus mainly on broadening the core meaning of democracy, making it more citizen friendly, implementation of adult suffrage in letter as well as spirit.

Following are the Constitutional articles related to electoral reforms:

1. Article 324-329 deals with elections and electoral reforms.

2. Article 324 deals with the Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.

3. Article 325 states that no person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.

4. Article 326 deals with the Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

5. Article 327 provides power to the Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures.

6. Article 328 provides power to Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature.

7. Article 329 provides to create a bar on court to make any interference by courts relating to electoral matters.

Aspects of Electoral Reforms:

The Electoral reforms contain the following aspects:

1.  Transparency about the background of the candidates

2.  Freeing the election processes from muscle and money power

3.  Prohibiting the nexus between business and politics

4.  Availing all the citizens, eligible to vote a comfortable, friendly and assured facilitation of vote casting

5.  Upholding the secrecy of voters

6.  Fair registration and recognition of the political parties and without any kind of influence

7.  Solution of delisting of illiterate voters

8.  Non-partisan role of media

9.  Applying the model code of conduct efficiently

10. Streamlining the preparation of electoral rolls

11. Expediting the election processes

12. Rationalising electoral processes

Requirement of Electoral Reforms:

The need for electoral reforms has also been felt mainly due to shun the malicious people and malevolent activities they are involved into. Their requirement can further be elaborated as follows

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1.  Election process should reflect the situation of the day and should not be imposed on contemporary society

2.  To prohibit the criminalisation of politics

3.  To stop the misuse of government machineries.

4.  To discourage money and muscle power to contribute in election processes

5.  To dismay non-serious candidates to contest in election

6.  Election processes should be neutral, free from any biasness for any political parties

7.  To enhance the trust in the eyes of citizens towards electoral processes

8.  To employ the use of technology to further the election processes and be in synch with modern days methods.

9. Some candidates fight election from two seats so it is the need of the hour that make it compulsory for the candidates to pay the expenses occurred on the election of their second constituency.

In the conclusion it can be said that the Election Commission of India need to be stricter regarding the implementation of the election reforms. It is observed that Election Commission is working on a “Chalta hai Attitude” which is not good for the development of the healthy democracy in the country.

Election Cost per Voter in Lok Sabha Election since 1952

Distribution of Lok Sabha Seats in Indian states

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