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G-20 Summits: List of Summits and Members

Hemant Singh

The G-20 is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors. On the number of its members, its name is termed as the G-20 which known as the group of twenties.

G-20 was founded in 1999 with the aim to discuss policy pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability.

Group of 20 or (G-20) is the main forum for deciding the opinion on much international economic cooperation and some other critical issues like terrorism, human trafficking, global warming etc.

It is worth mentioning that G 20 members represent around 85% of global GDP, over 75% of global trade, and two-thirds of the world's population.

The name of the G-20 members are;

(1)Argentina

(2) Australia

(3) Brazil

(4) Canada

(5) China

(6) France

(7) Germany

(8) India

(9) Indonesia

(10) Italy

(11)Japan

(12) Republic of Korea

(13) Mexico

(14) Russia

(15) Saudi Arabia

(16) South Africa

(17) Turkey

(18) The United Kingdom 

(19) The United States of America

(20) European Union

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Management of the G-20

The G 20 Presidency rotates annually according to a system that ensures a regional balance over time.

The G 20 does not have a permanent secretariat. Instead, the G 20 president is responsible for bringing the G20 agenda in consultation with other members. G20 is an informal political forum.

The very first of the G-20 summit was held in Washington, D.C. (United States) from 14–15 November 2008. The 14th G-20 summit was held in Osaka (Japan) on 28–29 June 2019. In this summit Indian delegation is headed by PM Narendra Modi.

It is the first time for Japan to take on the G 20 presidency headed by the Shinzō Abe.

List of G-20 Summits is as follows;

Host country

Host City

Date

1. United States

Washington, D.C.

4–15 November 2008

2. United Kingdom

London

2 April 2009

3. United States

Pittsburgh

24–25 September 2009

4. Canada

Toronto

26–27 June 2010

5. South Korea

Seoul

11–12 November 2010

6. France

Cannes

3–4 November 2011

7. Mexico

San José del Cabo, Los Cabos

18–19 June 2012

8. Russia

Saint Petersburg

5–6 September 2013

9. Australia

Brisbane

15–16 November 2014

10. Turkey

Serik, Antalya

15–16 November 2015

11. China

Hangzhou

4–5 September 2016

12. Germany

Hamburg

7–8 July 2017

13. Argentina

Buenos Aires

30 Nov. – 1 Dec. 2018

14. Japan            

Osaka

28–29 June 2019

15. Saudi Arabia

Riyadh

21–22 November 2020

16. Italy

Rome

30–31 October 2021

17. Indonesia

Labuan Bajo

TBD 2022

18. India

TBD

TBD 2023

19. Brazil

TBD

TBD 2024

So this was the important information about the G-20 and its summits held so far. The information given in this article is very important for various competitive exams so students need to remember it thoroughly.

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